The Science Curriculum of the Ministry of Education is intended to promote creativity in students as well as a spirit of enquiry. The student is actively involved in learning the scientific ideals that is subsequently applied to real world situations. Students gather evidence to inform next steps, communicate understandings from information analysed, as well as develop novel and/or feasible strategies, tools, and products. Many of the major challenges and opportunities that confront our world can be approached from a scientific perspective, tempered by social and ethical considerations.

Students gain the following benefits through a problem-based approach that is applied in teaching:-

  • The ability to make informed decisions, develop creative solutions and explore innovative alternatives;
  • The development of personal qualities and attitudes required for successfully negotiating a variety of situations in our dynamic and technological society;
  • A sharper understanding of the world generally; and
  • A heightened understanding of the importance of scientists to the development of society.

The desired outcomes are as follows:

Skills Development

  1. Planning and designing- The student is capable of Identifying the problem, Hypothesising, Selecting a workable method, and Evaluating products or solutions.
  2. Conducting experiments- The student is able to Observe, Measure and Classify.
  3. Communicating- The Student can Present findings, Interpret data, Make inferences, and Draw conclusions.

Useful Concepts Attained

  1. Individuals and groups- Students engage in grouping things to appreciate their unique characteristics as well as variations that may exist among them.
  2. Forms and functions of structures and mechanisms- Students relate the usability of everyday structures and mechanisms to the properties or features that inform their design and construction.
  3. Systems and Interactions among them- The connections that exist among components of the various systems of living and non-living things are explored. Students develop a greater understanding of the environment as they evaluate the effectiveness of the systems studied.
  4. Conservation and sustainability of natural resources- Students consider the impact of human actions in order to appreciate the delicate balance that exists between human needs and those of the environment.
  1. Vertebrates and Invertebrates


  • Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animals

  • Vertebrates

  • Invertebrates

  • Classifying Vertebrates and Invertebrates for Kids

  • Classification of Animals || Types of Animals

  • The Invertebrates Song

  • Amazing Animal Groups | Science for Kids

  • Animal Group Names

  • Ocean Animals for Kids

  • Vertebrates and Invertebrates Animals (part 1)


  • Vertebrates and Invertebrates Word Fill-In (Teacher Resource)

  • Vertebrates and Invertebrates Worksheets (Teacher Resource)

  1. Local Scientists


  • Different types of Scientist!

  • Dr Rudranath Capildeo

  • Professor Julian Kenny

  • (Dr.) Andre Cropper

  • Dr. Stephen Bennett

  • (Dr.) Camille Wardrop Alleyne -- Johnson Space Center

  • Prof. Anil Kokaram

  • Dr. Kim Mallalieu

  • Kathryn Nurse

  • Professor Carrington

  • Cheryl Bowles

  • Prof. Courteney Bartholomew

  • Dolly Nicholas

  • Dr. Jo-Anne Sewlal

  • Prof . John Agard


  • Prof. Anil Kokaram, Professor of Electronic Engineering
  1. Separation of Mixtures 


  • Separation and Mixture

  • The Great Picnic Mix Up

  • The Science of Macaroni Salad: What's in a Mixture?

  • Mixtures & Its’ Characteristics

  • Types of Mixtures and their Characteristics

  • Separating Mixture: Use of Magnet, by Picking and Sieving

  • Ways of Separating Mixtures

  • Ways to Separate Mixtures

  • Sieving


  • Sieving

  • Separation by Sieving

  • Methods of Separation: Sieving

  • Separating Mixture (Sieving)

  • Montessori: Sieving Activity

  • Sieving - Separation of Mixture

  • Separating Mixtures through Sieving/ Sifting

  • Distillation, Evaporation


  • Separating Mixtures, Different Methods: Distillation, Evaporation & Centrifugation

  • Simple Distillation

  • How to Separate Solutions, Mixtures & Emulsions

  • The Different Types of Separation Techniques (Teacher Resource)

  • Filtration, Evaporation & Crystallisation (Teacher Resource)

  • Crystallization

  • Separating Mixtures – Evaporation

  • What is Evaporation? - Separating Mixtures

  • Evaporation - Elementary Science

  • Evaporation & Condensation

  • What is Evaporation | How Salt is made

  • Handpicking


  • Explain Hand Picking Method

  • Handpicking Separation Technique

  • Hand Picking Process

  • Different methods for separation of Mixtures - Handpicking, Sieving & Magnetic Separation

  • Separating mixture thru the use of magnet, by picking and sieving

  • Separating Mixtures | Picking Method | Manual Separation

  • Separation of Substances | Methods of Separation

  • "Hand-Picking Separation" Hands-On Activity

  • Separating Mixtures Handpicking

  • Separating a Mixture using Handpicking technique

  • Filtration


  • What is Filtration?

  • Filtration- Science Animation

  • Separating mixtures/Filtration Experiment time!

  • Filtration - Definition, Example, Experiment

  • Filtration Definition and Example

  • Filtration Experiment

  • Water Filtration Experiment

  • Make a Simple Water Filter Experiment

  • How to Make a Simple Water Filter Project for School

  • Filtration - Separation of Substances

  • Methods of Separation: Filtration

  • Magnetism


  • Magnetism

  • Learn about Magnets and Magnetism for Kids!

  • Experiment with Magnets | What do Magnets Attract?

  • 20 Experiments with Magnets and Magnetism STEM Jojo Science

  • Magnet Tricks for Kids

  • Magnetic Field

  • Separation of Mixtures: Magnetism

  • Separating Mixtures – Magnetism

  • Separating Mixtures - Iron & Salt

  • Science Quiz: Separating Mixtures

  • Separating Mixtures using Magnets

  1. Usefulness of Object Structures
  • Texture


  • Textures

  • Texture Treasure Hunt!

  • Learn Textures for Kids

  • OH! JANE _ 1st Texture Song

  • Abby Cadabby teaches Josh Gad about Texture

  • Read Aloud: Sort it by Texture

  1. Water Solubility
    • Substances that Dissolve in Water


  • Dissolve Song

  • Water Soluble and Water Insoluble | Songs on Learning Science

  • Solutions and Solubility

  • Solubility Science – STEM Activity

  • Soluble and Insoluble Materials

  • Dissolving Experiment for Kids

  • Soluble & insoluble Experiment//science experiments for kids

  • Sugar and Water

  • Which Substances Dissolve in Water?

  • What Dissolves in Water?

  • Science Experiment -Things Dissolve in Water

  • Water Solubility Test / Kids Science Experiment


  • What dissolves in Water (Activity)?- (Teacher Resource)

  • Which Solids dissolve in Water? (Teacher Resource)

  • What Dissolves In Water Experiment for Kids! (Teacher Resource)

  • Solute, Solvent, Solution


  • Solute, Solvent, Solution

  • Solution Solvent Solute - Definition and Difference

  • Solutes + Solvents = Solutions

  • Solvent Solute Solution What is the Difference?

  • Solutions and other Uniform Mixtures

  • What is a Solution? (Teacher Resource)

  • Science Quiz: Solute or Solvent? (Teacher Resource)

  • Solute, Solvent and Solution

  1. Simple Machines
    • Types of


  • What are Simple Machines?

  • The Simple Machines Song

  • Pulley, Wheel, Lever and More Simple Machines

  • Learn about Simple Machines

  • Simple Machines for Kids | Learn all about the 6 Simple Machines!

  • Simple and Complex Machines

  • Machines for Kids - Simple and Complex Machines

  • Super Simple Machines: Levers

  • Simple Machines Types & Functions Kindergarten, Pre-schoolers, Kids

  • Let’s Have Fun With Simple Machines!

  • Take a Field Trip to the Science Park | Simple Machines Field Trip


  • Simple Machines: Science Trek- PBS


  • Simple Machines Quiz

  1. Soils
    • Soil Types


  • Types of Soil - Clay, Sandy, Loam -Activity & Quiz

  • Types of Soil Song

  • Soil Is Alive!

  • Dirt: The Scoop on Soil!

  • What is Soil?| Layers of Soil |Formation of Soil | Types and Uses of Soil

  • Earth Science | Types of soil lesson | soil science | loamy | clay | sandy | silt

  • Types of Soil and their Uses | Lesson for Kids with fun Molding Activity

  • Soil (Part-2)| Types and Characteristics

  • Soil: Its Types and Characteristics

  • Soil- Different types and the importance of Soil

  • Loamy Soils contain Sand, Clay and Humus | Types of Soil | Biology

  • Types of Soil (for Kids)

  • Where Does Soil Come From?

  • Soil Video

  • All Things SOIL

  • Importance of Soil to Living Things

  • Water Movement in Soils


  • Water Movement in Soil (Teacher Resources)

  • Ministry of Education T&T Open Classroom - Primary Science (Movement of Water Through Soils)

  • Soil/Types of Soil/Flow of Water through Soil/Some Soils Are Better For Plants

  • Water Retention of Soil

  • Water Flow Speed Test: Gravel, Sand, Soil

  • Soil Drainage and Retention - Experiment for kids

  • Soil Properties - Water Percolation | ThinkTac

  • The Soil Profile - Kids Science Experiments

  • Absorption by Sand and Soil | Types of Soil

  1. Reading Water Volume Measurements
    • Using the Cylinder, Beaker


  • Capacity for kids....

  • UMIGO: A Cup Fills Up (CAPACITY)

  • Intro to Liquid Measure

  • Estimate and Measure Liquid Volume

  • Comparing Volume in Different Containers

  • Beakers and Graduated Cylinder

  • Beakers and Flasks Experiment Drawings

  • Measuring Volume - Beakers, Cylinders, Erlenmeyer Flasks, & Volumetric Flasks

  • Read Measurement of Graduated Cylinder Beaker and Flask

  • How to Measure Liquid Volume Using a Graduated Cylinder and Beaker

  • How to Measure Volume with a Beaker

  • Using Beakers

  • Graduated Cylinder Technique

  • How to use a Graduate Cylinder

  • How to use Measuring Cylinder

  1. Minerals
    • The Importance of Minerals


  • What Is A Mineral?

  • A Brief Introduction to Minerals

  • Identifying Minerals

  • Let's Learn About Rocks and Minerals

  • MINERALS for Kids - Classification and Uses - Science

  • How to identify a Mineral

  • Mineral Groups

  • Identifying Minerals

  • Mineral Resources

  • Mineral Resources of India

  • Rocks and Minerals for Kids

  • Rocks and Minerals

  • What are Minerals, Crystals, and Gemstones?

  • Science Trek: DK4- Rocks and Minerals

  • Uses and Importance of Rocks in our Daily Life

  • Uses of Rocks

  • Uses of Rocks and Minerals

  • Adventures at the Gem and Mineral Show


  • Online Science Videos and Lessons for K8

  1. Use of Force
    • Force: Twists and Turns


  • What Is Newton's First Law Of Motion?

  • Force and Motion

  • Force and Motion for Kids | Ramps

  • Types of Forces — Part 1

  • What Are Push and Pull Forces?

  • Types of Force| Push & Pull

  • Work, Force & Energy | What Is Force?

  • Forces Can Push or Pull (Song)

  • Types of Forces

  • FORCE and MOTION | Cool Science Experiments for KIDS

  • Effects of Force on the Movement of an Object

  • Effects of Forces to an Object

  • Force Changes Motion, Position, Direction, Shape, Size of Objects | Force | Physics

  • Activity Effect of Forces on a Ball

  • Pushing and Pulling - Force, Work and Energy

  1. Ecosystems
    • Ecosystem Relationships


  • Ecosystems for Kids

  • Ecosystem

  • The Ecosystem

  • What is an Ecosystem?

  • What are Ecosystems? Types of Ecosystems for Kids

  • Understanding Ecosystems for Kids

  • Ecosystems for Kids | Science Lesson

  • Ecosystems for Kids (FULL w/ Guided Drawing)

  • Living Things Change

  • Biomes


  • Biomes and Ecosystems for Kids

  • Biomes of the World | Types of Biomes

  • What Are Biomes? | Biome Facts for Kids | Aquatic, Desert, Rainforest, Tundra, Grassland

  • Biomes of the World for Children: Oceans, Mountains, Grassland, Rainforest, Desert

  • Habitats


  • Home Sweet Habitat

  • Explore Terrestrial Habitats - Types of Habitats for Children

  • Amazing Science: Animal Habitats

  • Teach kids about Habitats

  • Habitats

  • Habitats of the World (song)

  • Classification of Animals on Habitat

  • Food Chain


  • Food Webs

  • Food Webs & Food Chains for Kids

  • Food Chain | Food Web

  • What Is A Food Chain?

  • The Food Chain for Kids. What is a Food Chain?

  • Food Chains for Kids: Food Webs, the Circle of Life, and the Flow of Energy

  • Food Chains Compilation

  • Food Chains

  • Fabulous Food Chains

  • Negative Impacts on the Ecosystem


  • 5 Human Impacts on the Environment

  • What is the Impact of Pollution in the Sea?

  • Why We Need to Stop Plastic Pollution in Our Oceans

  • Why Plastic Is SO MUCH Worse Than You Think

  • Plastic Pollution: How Humans are turning the World into Plastic

  • Kids Take Action against Ocean Plastic | Short Film Showcase

  • A Plastic Ocean (3 min Kids version, English)

  • How Plastic Hurts the World

  • Human Impact on Ecosystems

  • Man and the Environment

  • How Humans Affect the Environment

  • Human Impacts on the Environment

  • Human Influences on the Environment

  • “Million Animals, Plants at risk of Extinction due to Human Activities”, U.N. report says

  • Planet Earth: The Effects of Humankind (BBC)


  • Human Impact on the Environment

  • Human Impact on Earth Systems

  1. Plants
    • Germination


  • What Is Seed Germination?

  • Grow Your Own Plants!

  • Grover Talks about Plants

  • What is a Plant? All about Plants for Kids

  • Plants

  • Parts of a Plant for Kids

  • Facts about PLANTS for Kids

  • Seed Germination

  • What is Germination of Seed?

  • How Does A Seed Become A Plant?

  • "How a Seed Grows" - Bobby's Backyard - Story Time

  • How do Plants Grow?

  • What do Plants Need to Grow? (Song)

  • What a Plant Needs to Stay Alive (Song)

  1. The Water Cycle
    • Importance of the Water Cycle


  • The Water Cycle | Educational Video for Kids

  • Water Cycle for Kids| Evaporation, Condensation, Precipitation, Collection

  • Water Cycle

  • The Water Cycle for Kids - What is the Water Cycle? - Why does it Rain?

  • Water Cycle Explained for Kids!

  • Earth's Water | Science for Kids | Water Cycle

  • The Water Cycle- How Rain is formed

  • How to draw Water Cycle of a School Project

  • Easy Water Cycle drawing

  • Water Cycle Model for science exhibition

  • World's Water Crisis


  • Water Cycle: Definition and Steps

  • 20 Videos about the Importance of Water for Kids


  • Water Cycle Worksheet

  1. Daily Cycles in Science


  • Life Cycle


  • Daily Cycles in our Life

  • Life Cycle Video for Kids

  • Life Cycles for Kids

  • Humans Life Cycle Video for Kids

  • Human's Life Cycle | BBC Bitesize | Science

  • The Life Cycle of a Frog

  • Tadpoles to Frogs

  • Metamorphosis - The Great Transformation

  • How a Caterpillar Becomes a Butterfly

  • Life Cycle of a Butterfly

  • The Lunar Cycle


  • Phases of the Moon Explanation for Kids

  • Phases of the Moon | Why Does the Moon Change Its Shape?

  • Night and Day Cycle


  • Day and Night

  • Day and Night || Video for Kids

  • What causes Day and Night?

  • Day and Night Explanation, Causes Science for Kids

  • Meals Cycle


Meals of the Day

Meals - Rhymes for Kids

  • Days Cycle


  • Days of the Week for Kids - What are the Days of the Week?

  • Days of the Week Lesson for Kids

  • "A Week Is Seven Days" (Song)

  • Months Cycle


  • Calendars for Kids - Months and Days

  • A Kid Explains the Calendar

  • Why Do We Have LEAP YEARS? | What Is A LEAP YEAR?

  • Using a Calendar

  • Seasons Cycle


  • Seasons and the Sun

  • EARTH'S ROTATION & REVOLUTION | Why Do We Have Seasons?

  • Why Seasons Change for Kids and How Seasons Happen. Why Questions for Kids

  1. The Weather
    • Seasons


  • Weather and Seasons

  • Seasons

  • Why Do We Have Seasons?

  • Why Seasons Change for Kids and How Seasons Happen

  • The Seasons and Hemispheres

  • Weather- Different Seasons: Learn About Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer

  • How & Why Rain Happens

  • Be a Weather Watcher

  • What is DRY SEASON? What does DRY SEASON mean? DRY SEASON meaning, definition & explanation

  • Climate
  • Weather vs. Climate for Kids

  • Climate for Kids - Types of Climate

  • Climates for Kids | Learn about Different Weather and Climate Zones

  • Climate Zones of the Earth

  • Climate Zones for Kids

  • Tropical Climates

  1. Severe Weather and Natural Disasters
  • Hurricanes


  • Hurricanes for Kids. What is a Hurricane?

  • What is a Hurricane and where does it Form?

  • How Do Hurricanes Form?

  • Hurricanes 101 | National Geographic

  • Hurricane Katrina Day by Day

  • Severe Weather: Crash Course Kids #28.2

  • Floods


  • Flooding Explanation- Learn about Flood

  • Why Do Floods Happen?

  • Floods


  • Earth Science for Kids

  • Trinidad and Tobago – Tropical Storm Karen Causes Severe Flooding

  • Online Simulator to Teach Students about Natural Disasters (Teacher Resource)


  • Disaster Preparedness Starts with You !- ODPM Kids Activity Book

  1. Fossil Fuels
    • Fossil Fuels


  • Fossil Fuels for Kids | Learn all about Fossil Fuels, What They Are, and Where They Come From

  • Where Do We Get Oil From?

  • Fossil Fuels | Types and Formation

  • What Is Fossil Fuel? | FOSSIL FUELS

  • Fossil Fuels 101

  • What Are Fossil Fuels?

  • Imagining a World Without Fossil Fuels

  • Energy: General Environmental Impacts of Fossil Fuels

  1. Energy Sources
    • Sources of Energy


  • Natural Sources of Energy | Renewable Energy Sources

  • Energy

  • What is Energy? | Types of Energy: Light, Heat, Water, Electrical and Wind

  • Types of Energy | Energy Forms | Energy Sources and Uses

  • Energy Sources

  • Energy Sources | Energy

  • Solar Energy


  • The Sun – The Ultimate Source of Energy

  • Our Sun

  • What Is the Sun?

  • What is Solar Energy?

  • Solar Energy for Kids: Learn how Electricity works

  • Wind Energy


  • What is Wind Energy?

  • Wind Power

  • Facts about Wind Energy

  • Easy DIY Wind Turbine | Light Wind

  • How to Make a Wind Turbine Generator Using Plastic Bottle

  • How to Make Working Model of Wind Turbine From Cardboard

  • Windmill Model for School Project

  • How to Make Paper Windmill

  • DIY How To Make Paper Cup Windmill that Spins

  • Tidal Energy


  • Tidal Power 101

  • Tidal Energy

  • What is Tidal Energy?

  • Electrical Energy


  • Make Electricity With Waves!

  • Introduction to Electricity

  • Electricity

  • Nuclear Energy


  • Nuclear Energy Explained: How does it work? 1/3

  • Nuclear Energy Basics

  • What is Nuclear Energy? | National Geographic

  • 10 Facts about Nuclear Energy


  • Huge Machine Harnesses the Tides

  1. Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy Sources
    • Types


  • Renewable Energy Sources - Types of Energy for Kids

  • Types of Energy for Kids - Renewable and Non-Renewable Energies

  • Renewable Resources Game Show

  • Non-renewable Energy Sources - Types of Energy for Kids

  • Renewable Energy Explained in 2 1/2 Minutes

  • What is Renewable Energy? | CNBC Explains (Teacher Resource)

  • 7 Types of Renewable Energy

  • Non-renewable energy


  • All about Energy- Sources, Types, Use, etc.

  • Future Power: Where Will the World Get Its Next Energy Fix? Renewable Energy 101- National Geographic (Teacher Resource)

  • Natural Gas: Energy Source Fact File!

  • Coal: Energy Source Fact File!

  1. Energy Conservation
    • Importance of Conservation, Methods, etc.


  • Different Sources of Energy, Using Energy Responsibly

  • Energy, let's save it!

  • How to Save Energy

  • Energy Saving | Save Electricity

  • Energy Conservation for Kids

  • Energy Efficiency Education for Kids

  • Energy Conservation | National Geographic

  • Easy Ways to Conserve Energy

  • Energy Conservation vs. Energy Efficiency

  • Energy Efficiency & Conservation

  • Energy Conservation: Presentation

  • “It won’t take much Energy, to Conserve Energy” | An Infomercial

  • 10 ways to Save Energy

  • CARICOM Energy - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in the Caribbean (Teacher Resource)

  • Energy: Renewable Technology and Energy Efficiency in the Caribbean (Teacher Resource)

  • St. Eustatius: 100 Percent Caribbean Solar Power

  • How do Solar Panels Work? (Teacher Resource)

  • How does Solar Energy Work? (Teacher Resource)

  • How do Solar Panels Work for Kids

  • Invention of Solar House

  1. Potable Water Conservation
    • Need for, Importance, etc.


  • Why Do We Drink Water? | Importance of Water

  • Importance of Water

  • Nature Gives - Water | Importance of Water

  • Sources of Water

  • I Am Water (Short Film)

  • Life without Clean Water

  • Water Scarcity in Africa

  • Access to Fresh Water

  • The Water Rich versus the Water Poor. Water is Life!

  • Access to Clean Water in Rwanda

  • Clean Water: A Long Journey from the Source to Our Tap

  • Importance of Clean Water and Its Uses

  • Clean Water is Everyone's Problem

  • Children Discuss Need for Safe Water

  • All about Water | Sources of Water | Impurities in Water | Filtration

  • The Basics of Freshwater

  • Water Crisis - A Short Introduction

  • The Future of Water

  • Are we running out of Clean Water?

  • The Importance of Clean Water

  • The Struggle for Clean Water

  • Fresh Water Scarcity: An Introduction to the Problem

  • H2O-NO! - Fresh Water Problems

  • Methods of Conservation


  • Water Fix!

  • Why Water - Learn about the Water Crisis and how you can help

  • Save Water to Help the Earth

  • Save Water, Save Life!

  • Short Film For Save Water

  • Water Saving Tips and Tricks - Let's Save the Planet

  • Why Should I Save Water? (Read Aloud)

  • Water Conservation

  • Importance of Water on Earth - Water Conservation - Save Water

  • Save that Drop (The Importance of Water Conservation)

  • Solving the Global Water Crisis in 7 Minutes

  • A Sustainable Solution to Our world’s Water Problem


  • Water Conservation (Teacher Resource)

  • Water Conservation Games (Teacher Resource)

  • WaterSense for Kids (Teacher Resource)


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