The National Primary English Language Arts curriculum is intended to motivate students to study, use and enjoy English language and literatures written in Standard English. Language Arts study entails understanding the internal integration of the skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and understanding language itself as a tool for learning.

Language and literacy skills are taught through general content and a variety of cross curriculum learning activities. The Curriculum recognizes the uniqueness and associated challenges of the 2 major linguistic systems (English Creole and Standard English) of Trinidad and Tobago when brought into the classroom. A student-centred approach to teaching is therefore used in recognition of each students’ linguistic experiences within the ELA programme.

The teaching of grammar is also central to the students’ understanding of English language structures and grammatical patterns in English Creole. More specifically, the student needs to understand explicitly the nature of the relationship between English Creole and Standard English in order to minimise the concept of use of ‘bad’ or ‘broken’ English.

Among others, the teaching of ELA will:

  • Help students make connections between classroom learning and out-of-class language use.
  • Motivate students to become proactive and independent in their learning.
  • Provide the language base for the development of competence in all subject areas.
  • Encourage students to interact comfortably and competently in different speech contexts.
  • Develop students’ ability to code switch between Standard English and English Creole.
  • Develop students’ confidence in their linguistic heritage.
  • Build self-esteem and empowerment through the development of a personal voice.
  • Equip students to engage in reflection and self-awareness and develop awareness of their world.
  • Develop an appreciation for literature.
  • Provide a tool for the development of imagination.

The Curriculum comprises 5 major components with the following prescribed outcomes:-


Through oral communication instruction and opportunities for interaction, young learners develop a sensitivity to and respect for others and their opinions, two qualities that make for a more humane society. 

Appropriate listening and speaking skills are required to gain meaning, to recall and to retell. More specifically, the student can demonstrate an understanding of appropriate listening technique, appreciative and discriminative listening skills and respond creatively to a variety of audio/audio-visual aesthetic materials. There is development of appropriate nonverbal communication skills; the demonstration of common courtesies skills as well as the ability to explore the co-existence of Creole and Standard English in Trinidad and Tobago.


All students become literate and are be able to understand and process oral, written, electronic and multimedia texts. Reading programmes are geared toward helping students become strategic and critical readers, empowered to achieve independence in reading and to use literacy as a tool for life-long learning.

The student learns to detect and manipulate sounds at three levels of sound structure (syllables, onset and rime, and phonemes) in spoken words. By engaging with text, they understand basis print concepts such as directionality in text and book orientation using fiction and non-fiction texts. The blending of sounds to produce words that have meaning are attained as well as the use of high-frequency words in different contexts. They learn new words and ultimately display proficiency in reading appropriate-level texts with purpose and understanding. Finally, the student demonstrates the ability to use Reading Comprehension skills and strategies to make meaning.


An appreciation of literature from differing cultures, is beneficial as students’ listen to, view, read and interact with literary works. Students’ knowledge bases are broadened and thinking skills strengthened through growth in the awareness of new words and language. Literature also engenders an appreciation for local and international culture, helps develop citizenship, builds patriotism, and fosters cognizance of self and the environment.

Specfic outcomes include the recognition of and delight experienced through different genres in literature (fiction & nonfiction) and the ability to respond imaginatively through these experiences with the varying types of literature. Students’ behaviour, emotions, attitudes and social values are cultivated and enhanced. They can therefore acknowledge differences in personalities, patterns of relationships, and philosophies.


The writing programme is designed to help in developing the students’ ability to: think and write creatively and coherently, and to communicate effectively using the accepted conventions of written language. Writing across the curriculum will assist the use of written language for authentic purposes. Students are guided in understanding writing as a process supported by oral and descriptive feedback ie. effective writing and reading are supported by the other literacy skills of speaking and listening.

More specifically, the designed outcomes of the ELA programme are: the building of proper handwriting readiness skills including neatness and legibility; the correct use of punctuation marks and capitalization; the proper use of high frequency words across content areas and the composing of simple sentences by effectively using grammatical patterns taught.


Built into the English Language Arts Curriculum is the essential paradigm of a need for multi-enquiry skills and the ability to engage meaningfully with media and information channels in whatever form and technologies they appear, given the demands of todays’ society. Consequently, the goal of Media and Information Literacy within the ELA curriculum is to develop a literate person who is able to read, analyse, evaluate and produce communications in a variety of media formats.

Thus the student must display an understanding of Media and its selected formats; determine the purpose and intended audience of simple media texts; demonstrate techniques in creating media and demonstrate the ability to use Reading Comprehension skills.

  1. Maintaining Eye Contact


  • How important is Eye Contact to a Child’s Development?

  • 8 Ways to Increase Eye Contact

  • The importance of Eye Contact in Young Children, and How to Teach It as a Social Skill

  • 12 Activities to Promote Eye Contact

  • Virtual Lab School- Communication: Infants and Toddlers

  • 16 YouTube Videos that Teach Social Skills


  • Everyday Speech-Making Eye Contact

  • Activity and video for parent/guardian and child to develop listening and talking skills (Infants 1)


  1. Appropriate Sitting or Standing Posture
  • Teaching Good Posture to Children

  • Teaching Good Posture to Children - Pt 1 (by Osso Bone Care Chiropractic)

  • Posture Exercise for Kids


  1. Appropriate Facial Expressions


  • How to use words to express emotions (Infants 1)

  • Listening skills with Mr. Halo

  • Robot Teaching Copying Facial Expressions to Children with Autism and Special Need Education


  1. Using Gestures to Show Interest


  • Literacy Teaching Toolkit video: Gesture and joint attention

  • Voice Levels

  • Voice Volume 1

  • Voice Volume 2

  • DTA: Tone of Voice


  • Non-verbal Communication: Body Language and Tone of Voice

  • Non-verbal Communication in Children

  • The importance of Gestures

  • Why Does My Child Have Trouble Reading Body Language?


  1. Not Speaking While Listening


  • Listen Better Kids #1- Video “Howard B. Wigglebottom Learns to Listen”

  • Listen: We Have Skills: Social Skills for School Success K-3

  • We have Skills

  • Listening Test for Kids: Test 1

  • Listening Test for Kids: Test 2

  • Listening Test for Kids: Test 3

  • Listening Test for Kids: Test 4

  • Active Listening: How to Communicate Effectively

  • Reciprocal Conversation

  • Kids story - The Boy Who Finally Listened

  • School Conversation, School Dialogue

  • My School Day - Classroom Language and Conversation

  • Social Skills Video - Having a Conversation


2.1.1. Appreciative and Discriminative Listening Behaviours

-  Imitating Sounds from the Environment


  • RockyGo I spy with my little eye - Bus, Plane, Flag, Smile - Animal Songs for Kids


4.1.1. How to Use the “5Ws+H”

- THE 5 “Ws + H”


  • Who What Where When Why How? - Rockin' English Questions Song

  • What Who How Where | Five W's and One H | What's this+More Kids Songs | English songs for Kids


  1. How to Follow and Provide Directions and Instructions
  • Directions and Instructions


  • Helping a Child Follow Directions: One step at a time

  • To help students follow simple directions/instructions

  • Jack Hartmann Says | Following Directions Song for Kids | Brain Breaks | Jack Hartmann

  • Follow Me | Kids Songs | Super Simple Songs

  • Following Directions


  • Ages and Stages: Learning to Follow Directions

  • 6 Follow Directions Games for Kids

  • Five Playful Ways to Work on Listening and Following Directions


6.1.1 How to Use and Interpret Simple Non-verbal Communication

  • Non-Verbal Communication


  • How to use and interpret nonverbal communication (Infants 1)

  • Helping Students Read Emotions behind Masks


  • Guess and Learn EMOTIONS and FEELINGS for Kids - PART 1 | Teach Emotions to Kids

  • Name that Emotion Game Show: Basic Emotions: Episode one

  • Feelings Quiz 1: Faces

  • Emotions Song for Kids | Emotions Hokey Pokey | Preschool Songs

  • 5 Incredibly Fun GAMES to Teach Self-Regulation (Self-Control) | Early Childhood Development


7.1.1. How to Use Common Courtesies when Interacting with a Variety of Audiences

- Common Courtesies


  • Let’s Be Polite - Say Please and Thank You | Kids Songs and Nursery Rhymes by Little Angel

  • Please! Thank You! By Jillian Harker | Children’s Books Read Aloud

  • Use Polite Words (Signing Savvy) S3 E23

  • Introducing Yourself in English and Meeting New People

  • Theme 1. Greeting - Good morning. Good bye. | ESL Song & Story - Learning English for Kids

  • Hello Song for Kids | Greeting Song for Kids | The Singing Walrus

  • “Where to be Loud and Quiet” (Animated Story w/words)

9.1.1 All the Letter Sounds of the English Alphabet Individually and in Text

- Recognize and Pronounce the Letter Sounds of the English Alphabet


  • Pronouncing the Alphabet Sounds

  • Learn the Letters and Their Sounds | Learn the Alphabet | ABC Song | Jack Hartmann

  • Learning Letter Sounds | Version 2 | Alphabet Song for Kids | Phonics for Kids | Jack Hartmann

  • Learn the Sounds | Letter Sounds Part 1

  • See It, Say It, Sign It | Letter Sounds | ASL Alphabet | Jack Hartmann

  • The English Alphabet (Beginner, Level 1)

  • Ask Questions Build Skills

  • 44 Phonemes (Teacher Resource)


  • Building Language skills (Activities and Videos)

  • Engaging Videos that Build Phonemic Awareness and Keep Your Students Begging for More! (Teacher Resource)

  • 5 Best English Educational Videos for Kids on YouTube (Teacher Resource)


  • Recognize and Produce Rhyming Words


  • Rhyming Words with Similar Ending Sound | CHER EY BI SI

  • Rhyming for Kids | Kindergarten and First Grade Learning Video

  • Introduction of Rhyming Words

  • Word Family Patterns – ake

  • Rhyming Words for SR KG Children

  • Rocco the Rhyming Rhino | Rhyming Song for Kids | Jack Hartmann


9.1.2 Speech – A Series of Individual Sounds

- Sound and Letter Patterns


  • Practice Blending Sounds for Reading- CVC Words

  • Phonics Phase 2 (CVC words) Blending for Reading

  • Phonics Blending Song CVC Words and More

  • ABC Letter Sounds - Capital and Lowercase Alphabet - Learn to Read English with Phonics

  • The Reading Machine 2

  • Phonic sounds (pronunciation practice)

  • English Pronunciation (Practice)

  • The Week in Review - short conversations, English practice, phonics + more


  • Five Fabulous Videos for Learning Letter Sounds

  • Recommendation 3: Blending Letters, Recognizing and Reading words

  • The Alpha-Blocks Guide to Phonics (BBC)


  • Literacy Teaching Toolkit: Phonics (emergent literacy)


  • Exploring Rhyme, Alliteration and Other Sound Patterns


  • Alliteration Song, Alliteration for Kids Song, Alliteration for Children by Melissa

  • Poetry | Rhyme Scheme, Rhythm, Repetition

  • Alliteration and Rhyme: Poetry Defined


  • Poet Joseph Coelho uses Poetic Devices to Play with the Patterns of Letters and Words


  • Teacher Resource: Class Clips-English KS1 / KS2: Joseph Coelho - Understanding Poetry

  • Teacher Resource: Rhyme is a Foundation for Reading and Writing


  • Rhyming Games

  • PBS Interactive Game that Teaches about Rhyming   (Infants 1)


  • Blending: Vowels and Consonants


  • "CVC Words: Phoneme Substitution, Deletion, and Blending" a Starfall™ Movie from

  • Three Letter Blending A | Short Vowels, Beginning Readers, Pre-Readers Phonics Lesson

  • A E I O U / Two Letter Blending, Phonics, Reading, Learning, Kindergarten, First Grade, and ESL

  • A E I O U / Three Letter Blending, Phonics, Reading CVC Words, Kindergarten, First Grade, Preschool

  • The Double Letter Vowel Song | Best Phonics

  • Long and Short Vowels for Kids: A E I O U | Learn English Grammar Kids Academy (Infants 2)

  • The Vowel Song: Long and Short Vowel Sounds | English Songs | Scratch Garden (Infants 2)

  • What Is a Blend? | br, cr, dr, fr | Writing & Reading Skills for Kids | Phonics Song | Jack Hartmann

  • Phonics Kids 4B Unit 3 | Consonant Blends | ” r “ blends | br, cr, dr, fr, gr, tr |

  • Consonant Blends / The Letter R / Phonics Mind Map

  • Blending Consonants and Vowels - Two-Letter CV Blends - Learn to Read English with Phonics

  • Kindergarten Reading Skill - Blending two sounds - Blending a Consonant with a Vowel (Teacher Resource)


  • Words that Differ in Their: Initial Sounds, Medial Sounds, and Final Sounds


  • Beginning, Middle, and Ending Sounds: Using Fingers (Teacher Resource)

  • Letter Sounds (Initial, Medial, Final Sounds) | TeacherBethClassTV

  • hand2mind Identify Beginning, Middle and Ending Sounds Literacy Lesson, Grade K, Week 7, Day 1

  • Beginning, Middle and Ending Sounds

  • Beginning, Middle, and Ending Sounds of a Word

  • hand2mind Beginning, Middle, and Ending Sounds Literacy Lesson, Grade 1, Week 3, Day 3

  • Phase 1 Phonics I Spy Game | I spy, with my little eye...

  • Lesson - Mr Eggsie Sounds - SATP - Learning Lessons for Kids


  • Onsets and Rhymes


  • Onsets and Rimes | Set 2 | Initial Blends | Jack Hartmann

  • Onsets and Rimes | Set 3 | Final Blends | Jack Hartmann

  • Onsets and Rimes | Set 4 | Initial and Final Blends | Jack Hartmann

  • Silent e Song - Preschool Prep Company

  • "Silent e" by the Bazillions



  • Onset and Rhymes


  • Differentiate Between Upper-case Letters and Lower-case Letters


  • Uppercase Letters - Learn the Alphabet | Grammar for Kids | Kids Academy

  • Identify Uppercase Letters | Learn How to Read for Kindergarten| Kids Academy Learn the Alphabet ABC

  • Upper and lower case alphabet

  • Letter Matching, Uppercase and Lowercase


  • Print both Lower and Uppercase Letters of the English Alphabet


  • Learn To Write ABC Alphabet Uppercase & Lowercase Letters! ABC Video For Preschool Kids, Toddlers

  • Writing Alphabet Letters for Children | Alphabet for Kids | Periwinkle | Part 2

  • How to Write Letters A-Z – Learning to Write the Alphabet for Kids – Uppercase and Lowercase Letters

  • How to Print Letters and Numbers


  • Arrange Letters of the English Alphabet in Sequence


  • Alphabet Automaticity | Upper and Lower Case | 2 Seconds | Jack Hartmann

  • Alphabet Automaticity | Upper and Lower Case | 4 Seconds | Jack Hartmann


  • ABC Learning Videos for Every Alphabet Concept You Teach (Teacher Resource)

  • Alphabet Matching (Teacher Resource)

  • Alphabet Games

  • Teaching Letter Recognition – What Order to Introduce Letters (Teacher Resource)

  • Make Words


  • Alphabet Words - Kindergarten Learning Video

  • Learn the letters A to Z | THE ALPHABET | Compilation - Phonics for Kids

  • Baby Talk | ABC Songs for Children, Learn Alphabet for Kids, Sing Letters & Phonics, ESL Teacher

  • ABC Letters for Kids | Full English Alphabet for Preschool & Kindergarten - Kids Academy

  • Recognise that Letters have Different Shapes


  • ABC | Learn To Recognize Alphabets for Kids | Kindergarten Learning Series | Phonetics for Kids

  • Letter Recognition and Identification- Part One: Learn Letters A to E

  • Letter Recognition and Identification- Part One: Learn Letters F to J

  • Letter Recognition and Identification- Part One: Learn Letters K to O

  • Letter Recognition for Pre-Schoolers - Learn Letters U to Z | Recognizing ABC Letters

  • I Spy ABC | Fun Alphabet Search and Find Activity Game for Kids (2-4 Year Old)!


  • Game-Kitten Hop – Word recognition game (1st Year)

  • Game-Poppy Hop – Letter recognition game (1st Year)

  • Listen and Read Activities (Student Activities)

  • 77 Alphabet Videos


9.1.6. Features of a Book


  • Parts of a Book

  • Parts of a Book

  • Open A Book Song +More Nursery Rhymes & Kids Songs - Banana Cartoons Original Songs

  • Phonic skills and Reading


  • Learn to Read for Kids | Educational Video for Children | Kids Academy


  • Reading Rockets: How most Children to Read

  • Differentiating between Terms Letter and Word


  • Fun Activity for Identifying Letters and Words (Teachers Resource)

  • Difference between Letter, Word, and Picture: Flashcards (Teachers Resource)

  • Letter Vs Word

  • Creating English Words from Letters for Kids | English Grammar | Grade 2 | Periwinkle

  • Let's Make Words | Rearrange Sounds to Make Words | Make Words from Letters | Reading for Kids

  • Letters Words and Sentences


  • Differentiate between the Terms, Beginning of Sentence and Top of Page


  • What is a Sentence, Grade 1?

  • Parts of a Sentence | Pre-K and Kindergarten Version | Jack Hartmann

  • How to Write a Sentence for Kids | Using Capitals, Subject, Verb and Punctuation

  • Sentence Song (US Version)

  • Sentence Game for Kids | Practice Writing Sentences in a fun way!

  • Word Order for Kids | Sentence Structure - English Grammar for Kids | Kids Academy


  • Move Finger from Left to Right, Top to Bottom when Reading


  • Reading with your finger (Teacher Resource)

  • Pointing at Words While Reading (Teacher Resource)


  • Breaking the Code: Phonics and Reading


  • Use Illustrations to Make Meaning of Print


  • Mini-lesson: Illustrations Show Movement and Sound

  • Mini-lesson: Illustrations Show More

  • Using Pictures and Words to Help Us Better Understand a Story

  • What do Pictures Bring to a Story? | Reading | Khan Academy


  • Connecting Spoken and Printed Words


  • Print Awareness: An Introduction (Teacher Resource)

  • Print Awareness: Guidelines for Instruction (Teacher Resource)


  • Learn How to Read Words | Reading for Preschool and Kindergarten | Kids Academy

  • Learn to Read with Tug the Pup and Friends! Box Set 1| My Very First I Can Read

  • Practice Reading Sentences for – Kindergarten

  • Daily Reading for Children- Easy Sentences. Day 1

  • Daily Reading for Children- Easy Sentences. Day 2

  • Daily Reading – Easy Sentences for Children. Day 5


  • Punctuation and Capitalization


  • The Day Punctuation Came to Town | Grammar for Kids | Fun Learning | READ ALOUD

  • Punctuation Explained (by Punctuation!) | Scratch Garden

  • Learn what is "The Punctuation"? | Kids Learning Videos | English Grammar

  • Punctuation (Part-1) - Capitalization and use of Period | English | Grade-1,2 | Tutway |

  • Punctuation in English | Punctuation at the End Of A Sentence| 1st Grade - Kids Academy

  • Capital Letters for Kids | Grammar for 1st Grade | Kids Academy

  • THE UPPER CASE: TROUBLE IN CAPITAL CITY | Punctuation Book for Kids | Read Aloud

  • How to and When to Use Capitalization

  • When Do You Use a Capital Letter | Singalong for Kids | The Capital Letter Song | Learn the Alphabet

  • The Capital Letters and Full Stops Song (A MUST for any KS1 class!)

  • Capital Letter, Full Stop, Question Mark | Grammar for Kids | Periwinkle


  • Basic Skills in Pronunciation (Infants 1&2)


  • What is a Phonogram?

  • Phonic Sounds (pronunciation practice) - English Speaking Practice | Learn English - Mark Kulek ESL

  • Pronunciation - 44 Phonics Sounds (Teacher Resource)

  • How to Pronounce English Language Sounds - 42 Sounds- British Pronunciation – Phonics

  • Phonograms

  • Phonics for kids, Multi-letter Phonograms


  • Homophones


  • What are Homophones? - Grocks

  • Homophones | English Grammar | Periwinkle

  • Know homophones

  • Homophones for Kids | Special Words that Sound the Same

  • Nessy Spelling Strategy | Homophones | Learn to Spell

  • Homophones for Kids - Same Sound - Different Spelling and Meaning

  • 50 Homophone Words in English

  • "Homophone Monkey Song" by

  • Homophones – Worksheet

  • By Bye Buy - Blazer Fresh | GoNoodle


  • Homographs, Homonyms


  • English Pronunciation Lesson 1: Homophones, Homographs and Homonyms 1080HD

  • What are Homophones, Homographs, and Homonyms?

  • What are Homonyms?

  • Homonyms Words| List of Homonyms| Homonyms Pictures | Homonyms English Grammar - Kids Entry

  • Homonyms Quiz: Can You Pass?

  • HOMOGRAPHS - Confusing Words with Same Spelling but Different Meaning | List & Examples

  • Homographs May 22

  • What? What? What? A song about homographs & homophones, to the tune of "Yakety Yak(Don't Talk Back)"

  • Homonyms।। Definition।।Example


  • Compound Words


  • Compound Words

  • Compound Words | Award Winning Compound Words Teaching Video | What is a compound word?

  • Stress in Compound Words

  • The Compound Word Picture Game III - Fun Game for Pre-Schoolers, Kindergartners and First Graders!

  • The Compound Word Game II - For Kindergartners and First Graders!


  • Opposites


  • The Opposites Song

  • Opposites for Kids | Opposite Words

  • The Opposites Song!


  • Synonyms and Antonyms


  • Synonyms & Antonyms Short

  • What are Synonyms and Antonyms?

  • What are Synonyms and Antonyms? | Oxford Owl

  • Synonyms

  • Synonyms | English Grammar | Grade 3 | Periwinkle

  • Synonyms Song Level 1 | Songs for Speech Therapy and ELD

  • Antonyms

  • Antonyms | Opposite Words for Kids | English Grammar | Periwinkle


  • Context Clues


  • Context Clues eLearning Reading Lesson for Kids

  • Context Clues by Mrs Lorenzo

  • Context Clues | English for Kids | Mind Blooming

  • Context Clues Song (Context Clues by Melissa) | Award Winning Educational Song


  • Picture Clues


  • “Look at the Pictures” and “Make the First Sound” Reading Strategies Lesson (Teacher Resource)

  • Episode 1: Check the Pictures for Clues - A Reading of 'Wacky Wednesday'

  • Looking for Picture Clues

  • Learning to Read! Looking For Picture Clues

  • Beginning Reading Strategies- Using Pictures as Clues

  • Using Picture Clues to Read Words Lesson #107


  • Building Vocabulary


  • Vocabulary Revision Games & Activities for kids and adults! ESL (Teacher Resource)

  • 5 Minute Vocabulary Games (Teacher Resource)

  • ESL Game: Quick Fire Vocabulary (Teacher Resource)

  • 10 Vocabulary Activities and Games (Teacher Resource)

  • English Vocabulary Games For Kids | Fruit and Vegetables Vocabulary

  • Months of the Year Song | Song for Kids | The Singing Walrus

  • Days of the Week Song | The Singing Walrus

  • Kids Vocabulary - Animal Sounds - Various Animal Sounds- Learn English for kids


14.1.1 Experience various literary genres through interactions with the literature


  • Literary Appreciation


a. Traditional Forms

- Folktales


  • Russian Folktale - the Fox and the Blackbird

  • Jack and the Beanstalk

  • Rapunzel

  • Rumpelstiltskin

  • Fables


  • The Lion and the Mouse

  • The Ant and the Grasshopper (Film)

  • The Little Red Hen

  • The Fisherman and His Wife

  • The City Mouse and the Country Mouse

  • Hare and the Tortoise

  • Fantasy


  • BOOK

  • The Magic Donkey Ride

  • How Dragons came to be?

  • The End by David La Rochelle

  • Sleeping Beauty

  • Red Riding Hood

  • Cinderella

  • Goldilocks and the Three Bears

  • The Three Little Pigs

  • The Gingerbread Man

  • Sylvester and the Magic Pebble

  • Fairy Tales


  • The Pied Piper of Hamelin

  • The Princess and the Pea

  • The Ugly Duckling

  • Timothy Tweedle (Film)

  • The Emperor's New Clothes (Film)

  • Science


  • Goodnight Lab

  • There Was a Black Hole that Swallowed the Universe


  • The Universe ate my Homework!

  • Breathing is My Superpower

  • Stellaluna

b. Poetry Forms

- Nonsense Verses


  • Funny children's poetry: "The worm that wouldn't wiggle"

  • Soup for Breakfast

  • Nonsense | POEM | With Michael Rosen

  • Humorous Verses


  • My Parents Sent Me to the Store

  • I Taught My Cat to Clean My Room

  • My Pet Germs

  • I Think My Dad Is Dracula

  • Nursery Rhymes


  • Nursery Rhymes Read-Aloud Part 1

  • Nursery Rhymes Read-Aloud Part 2

  • Traditional Nursery Rhymes

  • Mother Goose Nursery Rhymes

  • Rhymes for Kids! - 30 Minutes of Nursery Rhymes

  • Riddles


  • Riddles for Kids | English Riddles With Answers


  • Easy Riddles for kids – Excellent way to Encourage Critical Thinking (Teacher Resource)

  • Reading Rockets: Playing with Words: Riddles (Teacher Resource)

  • 120 Riddles and Brain Teasers for Kids (Teacher Resource)


  • 10 Easy Riddles for Kids

  • The 45 Best Riddles for Kids That Aren’t Too Confusing

  • Jokes


  • Funny Classroom Jokes - Animated Collection Vol. 1

  • Funny Classroom Jokes - Animated Collection Vol. 2

  • Kid Joke Telling Contest

  • Funny Jokes for Kids

c. Non-Fiction Books

- Concept Books

  • All About Me Book For Preschool and Kindergarten

  • Children's Book Making Craft (My Body/ Face Parts) Arts Activity Kindergarten


  • Father's Day Celebration - Father's Day Story

  • The Night Before Mother's Day Read Aloud

  • Listen Better Kids #1- Lesson “Howard B. Wigglebottom Learns to Listen”


  • Bully: A Read-along Story about Bullies for Kids


  • Be Kind

  • The Jacket

  • Information Books
  • Lizards by Laura Marsh

  • NatGeoKids-Explore My World-Penguins

  • Incredible Owls

  • Amazing Mammals

  • Super Spiders

  • Baby Animals

  • Now I know BABY ANIMALS

  • Ada Twist Scientist

  • NatGeoKids-Tigers

  • The Sun is Kind of a Big Deal

  • On A Beam of Light, A Story of Albert Einstein

d. Realistic Fiction

- Contemporary


  • Peter's Chair

  • "Those Shoes" by Maribeth Boelts

  • Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day

  • Ruby the Copycat

  • The Bad Seed

  • Big Red Lollipop

  • BRAIDS! by Robert Munsch

  • Decibella and Her 6-Inch Voice

  • Mysteries
  • The Mystery of the Missing Cake

  • Miss Nelson is missing

  • The Case of the Missing Carrot Cake

  • How I Met my Monster By Amanda Noll

  • The Day I Met My Shadow

  • Where Are You?

  • I Want My Hat Back

e. Effects of Figures of Speech in Literature (Infants 2)

- Alliteration


  • Literary Devices (Onomatopoeia, Personification, Simile, and Metaphor)

  • Similes, Metaphors, Onomatopoeia, Personification and Alliteration

  • Poetry Introduction

  • Alliteration (Teachers Resource)

  • Poetic Devices: Alliteration

  • Alliteration for Kids

  • Creative Writing Activity - Practicing Alliteration with a Fun Writing Video

  • Alliteration

  • Some Smug Slug with Mrs Lyon

  • Onomatopoeia


  • Onomatopoeia Writing For Kids

  • The Onomatopoeia Alphabet

  • English Lesson #14 | What are Onomatopoeias?

  • Summer Beat | A story told with onomatopoeia

  • Onomatopoeia (Activity)

  • Poetry Object Poetic Device #4: Onomatopoeia

  • Onomatopoeic Words - Words inspired by sounds

  • Onomatopoeia: A Video Dictionary of Sound Words

  • Electric Company - Onomatopoeic sounds

  • “ONOMATOPOEIA" - Definition + Examples

  • Guess the Sound Game | 20 Sounds to Guess

  • Onomatopoeia in TV and Movies

  • 'Noises' a Poem for Kids

  • Repetition


  • Literary Devices- Repetition (Teacher Resource)

  • The Power of Repetition in Poetry: A poetry Writing Lesson (Teacher Resource)

  • Repetition - Art Vocab Definition

  • Twinkle Twinkle Little Star Repetition

  • Jelly Jamm English. Repetition Repetition

  • Kids Repeat after Me Songs by the Learning Station

  • Toddlers songs: practice 2-Word Phrase Repetition


  • Similie


  • Similes for Kids

  • Figurative Language: Similes, Fun and Educational Game for Children

  • What Is A Simile?

  • English Grammar Quiz | Simile

  • English Fun Quiz | Similes - Part 2

  • Lesson on Similes (Teacher Resource)

  • Simile Lesson | Classroom Language Arts Video

  • "Similes and Metaphors" by the Bazillions

  • 50 Frequently Used Similes with Examples

  • Simile Examples in Popular Songs

16.2.1. Handwriting

- Grasping the Pencil, Neatness and Legibility


  • Handwriting Skills for Children (Ages 1-8)- (Teacher Resource)


  • Teach Children How to Hold a Pencil Correctly Tutorial (Teacher Resource)

  • How to HOLD A PENCIL!! - (Easy for Kids!)

  • Kidz Skillz Presents: Grip That Pencil!

  • Handwriting Warm Ups

  • Handwriting Practice for Kids

  • Kids Writing Practice | Handwriting Practice for Kids | Writing for Kids | Handwriting Practice

  • Learn to Write the ABCs | How to Write Letters | Handwriting Practice for Kids

  • Cursive writing for Beginners | Capital letters, Small letters

  • How to write English capital and small letter in cursive


  • Cursive Writing | Writing Small Alphabets in Cursive

  • Learning to Write - Numbers and Letters for Kids

  • Teaching Handwriting to Children: Don't Forget Your Lines! Handwriting for Kids (Teacher Resource)

  • Grade 1: Handwriting

  • Writing Basics in 2nd Grade (Teacher Resource)

  • Know to Use Capital Letters


  • Capital Letters for Names - Teaching Resource

  • Capital Letters for Kids

  • Capitalization for Kids

  • When Do You Use a Capital Letter? | Singalong for Kids | The Capital Letter Song

  • Proper Nouns - Nouns that need Capital Letters

  • The Capital Letters and Full Stops Song

  • Capital Letter, Full Stop, Question Mark

When Do You Use a Capital Letter? | Writing Song for Kids | Capitalization | Jack Hartmann

  • Capital I | Writing Song for Kids | Jack Hartmann


  • Capitalization Worksheets

  • Know to Use Full Stops, Exclamation Point and Question Marks in Sentences


  • Nessy Writing Strategy | When to Use a Question Mark | When to Use an Exclamation Point

  • Intro to Punctuation for Kids

  • Super Marks: End Punctuation

  • Punctuation at the End of a Sentence

  • Sight Words


  • Kindergarten Sight Words | Dolch List Video

  • Sight Word Rap 1

  • Sight Word Rap 2

  • Sight Word Rap 3

  • New Sight Words 2

  • First 100 Sight Words - Kindergarten and First Grade Sight Words

  • Fry Sight Words First 100-List 1 (1-25)

  • Fry Sight Word Practice - 1st Words #1 to #25

  • Sight Words: Third 100 - Fry Instant Words

  • Meet the Sight Words Level 2 (FREE)

  • Learn English through Sight Words

  • Learn to read with SIGHT WORDS

  • Sight Words - Grade 1 - How to Read

  • Parts of Simple Sentences


  • What is a Sentence, Types of Sentences, Grade 2

  • Parts of a Sentence (Teacher Resource)


  • Subject and Predicate for Kids

  • Basic Sentence Structure (Teacher Resource)

  • Spacing between Words

  • The Sentence Song

  • Complete Sentences

  • First Grade Writing Sentences IMG 1913

  • How to Write a Sentence for Kids | Kindergarten Writing

  • How to Write a Sentence for Kids | Using Capitals, Subject, Verb and Punctuation

  • Sentence Game for Kids | Practice Writing Sentences in a fun way!

  • Writing Strategies | 6 Ways to Start a Sentence | Sentence Structure | Learn to Write (Teacher Resource)

  • Sentence Fragments for Kids

  • Run-on Sentences for Kids

  • Simple Sentences, Fragment Sentences, and Run-On Sentences

  • Simple and Compound Sentences for Kids

  • Sentences - Simple, Compound and Complex

  • Simple, Compound Sentences (Teacher Resource)

  • Statements and Questions


  • Kinds of Sentences in English Grammar

  • Types of Sentences for Kids

  • Types of Sentences in English

  • Four Types of Sentences for Kids

  • The Four Types of Sentences Song

  • Verbs


  • Nouns, Verbs and adjective

  • Past Tense, Present Tense and Future Tense with Examples




  • Past and Present Tense Activities

  • Present Tense Verbs Printable Worksheets (Teacher Resource)

  • 15 Clever Ideas and Activities for Teaching Verb Tenses (Teacher Resource)

  • Verbs in the Present Tense- Use of Am, Is, Are


  • Simple Present Tense

  • Basic English Grammar - TO BE verb (Teacher Resource)

  • Verb "TO BE" for kids | Learn the Verb TO BE for Kids

  • Verb TO BE (story)

  • Verb TO BE - Fun Activities Games Grammar

  • Use of AM, IS, ARE with Pronouns

  • IS ARE AM English Grammar for Kids of Class 1

  • ♫ IS, AM, ARE, Verbs and S song for Kids ♫


  • Am-Is-Are

  • Verbs in the Past Tense- Use of was and were


  • Was, Were (Examples) ~ Grammar Class

  • Use of Was and Were

  • Was, Were (Past forms of To Be) for Class 2

  • [Past tense] How was your summer vacation? It was great. - Easy Dialogue for Kids

  • [Past tense] What Did You Do Yesterday? - Exciting song

  • The Past Tense Song by Teacher Ham!

  • Learn Past Tense Verbs #1 - Pattern Practice - Simple Past Tense

  • Learn Past Tense Verbs 2

  • Learn Past Tense Verbs 3

  • Verbs ending with “D’, “ED” or “T”


  • Nessy Reading Strategy | Adding '-ed' | Past Tense Verbs


  • Past tense Verbs - D or ED

  • Can & Can't // Action Verbs pt.7/11

  • Sounds of Ed | Ed Says, "Ed, d, t"

  • What Did You Do Yesterday? Past Tense Verbs with Sentences

  • What Did You Do Yesterday? 2

  • Irregular Verbs


  • Irregular Verbs

  • Nessy Writing Strategy | Irregular Verbs

  • Learn All Tenses

  • Present Continuous Verbs


  • Present Continuous Verbs 7/11: "What is He Doing?"

  • What are They Doing? Present Continuous Tense

  • [Present progressive] What are You Doing? I'm jumping. Dancing. Sleeping


  • Learn the Present Continuous Tense in English (Teacher Resource)

  • Present Progressive Tense

  • Present Progressive

  • Spelling Rules - Present Progressive (Teacher Resource)

  • Future Tense


  • Learn the FUTURE TENSE in 4 Minutes (Teacher Resource)

  • Simple Future Tense and Future Continuous Tense (Teacher Resource)

  • Simple Future Tense Quiz

  • Future Continuous Tense Quiz

  • The Future Continuous Through a Story – Educraft

  • Has or Have Verbs


  • Has Have Had Use in English

  • How to Use Has and Have | Verbs


  • Linking Verbs for Kids

  • Linking Verbs and Action Verbs (Teacher Resource)

  • Verbs Part 5: Linking Verbs

  • Linking Verbs Song (New)

  • How to Use - 'Has and Have' Correctly (Grammar for kids)

  • Helping Verbs for Kids

  • Action Verbs


  • Action Verbs | Reading & Writing Song for Kids | Verb Song

  • Kids Vocabulary - [Old] Action Verbs - Action Words

  • Action Words | Talking Flashcards


  • Media Savvy Kids (Teacher Resource)

  • Digital Literacy for Children — 10 things to know (Teacher Resource)


  • 5 Essential Media Literacy Questions for Kids (Teacher Resource)

  • The Importance of Media Literacy (Teacher Resource)

  • Media and Information Literacy (Teacher Resource)

  • Importance of Information Literacy (Teacher Resource)

  • Information Literacy in the Real World (Teacher Resource)

  • How to Teach Kids Media Literacy (Teacher Resource)

  • Media Defined


  • MediaWise - Topic 1: What is the Media? (Infants and 1st & 2nd class)

  • What Is Media? | Kids Videos


  • MediaWise - Topic 1: What is the Media? (3rd - 6th class)

  • Media Literacy Defined


  • Media Literacy

  • What is Media Literacy? (Teacher Resource)

  • What is Fake News? Tips for Spotting Them - Fake News for Kids

  • Media Balance Is Important

  • My Media Balance

  • Digital Literacy


  • Super Digital Citizen

  • Communication


  • What is Communication?


  • World of Knowledge ~ Means Of Communication


  • Communication | Educational Video for Kids

  • Means of Communication Video for Kids

  • E-Mail


  • How E-Mail Works

  • How to Work Gmail: For Kids | Episode 2

  • Sending Email: a K-2 Digital Citizenship Lesson

  • Tips for Writing | How to Write an Email in English

  • Student Email Etiquette Tips

  • How to Write an Email to your Teacher

  • Sending Email: a K-2 Digital Citizenship Lesson

  • The Internet


  • My Online Neighbourhood

  • How The Internet Works? | What Is Internet?


  • Online Privacy for Kids - Internet Safety and Security for Kids

  • Protect Yourself Rules - Cyber Bullying

  • Safe Web Surfing: Top Tips for Kids and Teens Online

  • 5 Internet Safety Tips for Kids

  • Pause & Think Online (Song)

  • Internet Traffic Light

  • The Computer


  • What are Computers for Kids | Intro to Computers

  • How Do Computers Work?

  • What are Computers for Kids | Intro to Computers | Programming for Kids

  • Computer Parts & more | Computer Parts name Creative Learning for Kids Children Early Learning

  • Parts of Computer - Computer Part Names for Children - Kids Cartoon Flix

  • Kids TV and Stories | Grandpa Pig’s Computer

  • How to Take Care of a Computer - Kids Fun Edition

  • Computer Class 1 - Looking After Your Computer- Kriti Educational Videos

  • Do's and Don'ts with Computer

  • The Mobile Phone


  • How CELL PHONE Works? | What Is A MOBILE Phone?

  • Responsible Use of Technology for Kids - First Mobile - Cyberbullying - Fake News - Online Privacy

  • Turn Off Your Silly Phone! 📱 Mindfulness for Kids Book Read Aloud

  • Media Formats


  • 7 popular Audio File Types to Consider (Teacher Resource)

  • The 10 Most Common Audio Formats: Which One Should You Use? (Teacher Resource)

  • Explained: Different Types of Audio File Formats (Teacher Resource)

  • What Are Types of Visual Media? (Teacher Resource)

  • With so many audio formats available, which is the one that you should use? The answer is not so straightforward (Teacher Resource)

  • What are the Types of Effective Visual Media? (Teacher Resource)


  • Module 1 Lesson Recognize Visual Media (Teacher Resource)

  • Types of Visual Media |English 6 (Teacher Resource)

  • Purpose, Types and Values Suggested in Visual Media (MELC) (Teacher Resource)

  • VISUAL MEDIA (Meaning, Importance and Purpose) (Teacher Resource)

  • What are Examples of Print Media? (Teacher Resource)

  • Different Types of Print Media: All Effective in their Own Way (Teacher Resource)


  • Audio-Visual Formats: A Guide to Identification (Teacher Resource)

  • Common Audio-visual Formats (Teacher Resource)




  • Picture Books with Audio

  • Pre-school Library

  • Free Library materials

  • Sharemylesson: Storyline Online (Free videos and lessons)

  • International Children’s Digital Library

  • DISCOVER: Littlest Listeners (Audio storybooks)

  • Tinga Tinga Tales (Television series. Full Episodes)


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