NALIS BLOG


ELSD RECOMMENDED RESOURCES FOR CAPE GEOGRAPHY

ELSD RECOMMENDED RESOURCES FOR CAPE GEOGRAPHY

The Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination (CAPE)  Geography syllabus comprises two Units each with three compulsory Modules. According to CXC, each Module will require at least 50 hours of teaching and study time. Each Unit consists of a physical, human and integrated component that forms a coherent course of study. Units with accompanying Modules and Sub-titles for CAPE Geography are detailed as follows:

 

UNIT 1.  Population Geography, Geomorphic Processes and Hazards

 Module 1 – Population and Settlement

 Module 2 – Hydrological, Fluvial, Coastal and Limestone Environments

 Module 3 – Natural Events and Hazards

 

UNIT 2.  Climate, Economic Activity and Development

 Module 1 – Climate, Vegetation and Soils

 Module 2 – Economic Activity

 Module 3 – Development and Disparities in Development

 

The syllabus generally aims to:

  • Develop an understanding of the location and distribution of geographic phenomena
  • Develop an understanding of the nature of Physical and Human Geography and their interactions
  • Explain the processes at work in Physical and Human Geography
  • Develop an understanding of the environmental consequences of human action
  • Develop an appreciation of the current social and economic problems in their geographical setting
  • Encourage an appreciation of the dynamic nature of Geography; CXC A21 2 /U2/09
  • Help in the understanding and application of spatial models and concepts to the study of Geography
  • Develop an understanding of the range of techniques, the acquisition of practical skills, and an   appreciation of information technology that enhance geographical knowledge
  • Create awareness of the variety of Caribbean environments through field activities
  • Promote knowledge and understanding of World Geography
  • Develop an understanding of the place of the Caribbean in the wider world
  • Encourage a critical and reflective approach to the study of Geography

 

NOTE: The student pursuing this course of study learns about the physical features of the earth and how it is impacted on by human activity. They gain an understanding of and the ability to appreciate how physical and human forces interact to give identity to places as well as an understanding of the causal relationships at different geographic scales – local, regional and global. They gain knowledge about the central issues emerging from human exploitation of natural resources and develop an awareness of the importance of living in harmony with the environment. Such a course will provide such persons with the integrative and graphical skills required in working situations where they are important.

CAPE Geography will cultivate in students an appreciation of the complexity and inter-relatedness of the environment in the Caribbean and the wider world. It will deepen their interest in geographical knowledge and skills attained will enable them to pursue higher education goals. CAPE Geography will also create in students an informed respect for cultural heritage, an understanding of the need for the sustainable use of resources and the consequences of their misuse.

 

UNIT 1: POPULATION GEOGRAPHY, GEOMORPHIC PROCESSES AND HAZARDS

 

MODULE 1: POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT

 

  1. POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

 

Factors Affecting Population Distribution

PDF

  • Chapter 2. Spatial Distribution and Density of Population

https://www.stat.go.jp/info/meetings/cambodia/pdf/a02_chap.pdf

  • IB DP Geography. Factors Affecting Population Geography (Global Scale)

https://www.ibgeographypods.org/uploads/7/6/2/2/7622863/factors_influencing_population_distribution.pdf

  • Geological Statistics Analysis of Population Distribution at Township Level in Henan Province, China

http://www.ipcbee.com/vol91/rp0012_ICCCH2016-M1005.pdf

  • Global Population Distribution Analysis

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.596.9835&rep=rep1&type=pdf

POWERPOINT

  • Population Density and Distribution: an Introduction; Exploration and Application [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/mrwozney/population-density-distribution

  • Population Distribution and Density: Global to local/ Spatial Variations with Countries at Varying Stages of Development [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/clemaitre/population-distribution-density-presentation

  • Population 2. Natural population Change Intro [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/ecumene/population-2-natural-population-change-intro-presentation

INTERACTIVE

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Physical and Human Factors affecting Population Distribution

https://www.jkgeography.com/physical-and-human-factors-affecting-global-population-distribution.html

  • iGCSE Internet Geography.  What Factors affect Population Density and Distribution?

https://www.internetgeography.net/igcse-geography/population-and-settlement-igcse-geography/what-factors-affect-population-density-and-distribution/

  • Geography: Learn on the Internet- Population Geography

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/popn1.html

  • Changing Population. 1. Population and Economic Development Patterns- How Population Varies between Places

http://www.adorngeo.com/1-population-and-economic-development-patterns.html

  • IB Geography at YIS. Core 1: Part 1. Population and Economic Development Patterns. Part 1: IB Outcome: Physical and Human Factors affecting Population distribution at the Global Scale

https://sites.google.com/yis.ac.jp/ibgeography/core-1-changing-population/core-1-1-population-and-economic-development-patterns

  • Physical and Human Factors Affecting Population Distribution at the Global Scale

https://quizlet.com/ca/345219594/physical-and-human-factors-affecting-population-distribution-at-the-global-scale-flash-cards/

  • Population Distribution. Objective: To Explain the Physical and Human Factors affecting Population Distribution at the Global Scale

https://geogjon.weebly.com/population-distribution.html

WEBSITE

  • Describe and Explain the Physical and Human Factors affecting Population Distribution

 

  • Factors affecting Population Distribution at a Global Scale

https://infogram.com/factors-affecting-population-distribution-at-a-global-scale-1gqnmxd0d36jplw

  • United Nations. Population

E-JOURNAL

  • Determining Global Population Distribution: Methods, Applications and Data/ D.L. Balk and others, in, Advances in Parasitology, Volume 62, 2006; pp. 119-156. Retrieved from:   

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3154651/

E-BOOK

  • National Academies Press. The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training. Chapter 6: Social Factors

https://www.nap.edu/read/9543/chapter/6

 

Case Studies: Factors Affecting Population Distribution at the Local and Regional Scale

INTERACTIVE

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Uneven Population Distribution: Case Study 1. China

https://www.jkgeography.com/case-study-1-china.html

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Uneven Population Distribution: Case Study 2. Niger

https://www.jkgeography.com/case-study-2-niger.html

  • IB DP Geography. Population and Economic Development Patterns

https://www.ibgeographypods.org/a-population-and-economic-development-patterns.html

  • Topic 4. (1.4): Population Density and Distribution

https://wolseyhalloxford.instructure.com/courses/2068273/pages/topic-four-1-dot-4-population-density-and-distribution

POWERPOINT

  • IGCSE Geography. 4. Population Density and Distribution. Factors affecting the Density and Distribution. Case Studies: Singapore-Densely populated. Sahel- Sparsely populated [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/georgedumitrache399/04-population-density-and-distribution-to-do

PDF

  • Scientific Data. Analysis: The Impact of new Transport Modes on Population Distribution on Jing-Jin-Ji Region of China/ Lizhe Wang & Lajiao Chen

https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata2017204.pdf?proof=true

  • Population Control in Barbados

https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.55.10.1600

  • Socio-demographic Vulnerability in the Caribbean: an Examination of the Social and Demographic Impediments to Equitable Development and Participatory Citizenship in the Caribbean at the dawn of the 21st Century/ Dennis A. V. Brown

https://repositorio.cepal.org/bitstream/handle/11362/7162/S022116_en.pdf?sequence=1

  • Rural Employment and Rural Development in the Caribbean/ Theresa Ann Rajack-Talley

https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---americas/---ro-lima/---sro-port_of_spain/documents/publication/wcms_533997.pdf

  • Topic. Indian Ocean- Factors Influencing Migration and Population Movements- Part 1

http://www.futuredirections.org.au/publication/factors-influencing-migration-and-population-movements/

WEBSITE

  • GEO for CXC. Case Study-Dominica

https://www.geoforcxc.com/population/case-study-dominica/

  • GEO for CXC. Case Study-Jamaica

https://www.geoforcxc.com/population/case-study-jamaica/

  • PEW Research Centre. Demographic Study- The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010 – 2050. Chapter 1. Main Factors Driving Population Growth

https://www.pewforum.org/2015/04/02/main-factors-driving-population-growth/

 

Methods of Depicting Population Distribution - Dot, Lorenz Curves

PDF

  • Methods of Studying Population Distribution

http://epgp.inflibnet.ac.in/epgpdata/uploads/epgp_content/S000453PO/P001844/M029747/ET/1525155976PS_MU_25MethodsofDistributionandStandardDistanceModule25Paper10Ed.pdf

  • New Perspectives for Mapping Global Population Distribution Using World Settlement Footprint Products/ Daniela Palacios-Lopez and others.

https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/21/6056/pdf

  • Graphical Representation of Data 3

http://ncert.nic.in/textbook/pdf/legy303.pdf

WEBSITE

  • WorldPop Methods

https://www.worldpop.org/methods

  • Demographics. These 5 Maps Visualize Population Distribution in a Unique Way

https://www.visualcapitalist.com/maps-population-distribution-visualized/

  • Dot Distribution Map

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dot_distribution_map

  • PennState Dept. of Geography. GEOG 160: Mapping Our Changing World. 3.2: Thematic Maps

https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog160/c3_p14.html

  • The Physical Environment. Essentials of Geography: Tools of the Geographer- Maps

https://www.earthonlinemedia.com/ebooks/tpe_3e/essentials/map_types.html

  • Western Geographic Science Centre. Dasymetric Mapping

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/wgsc/science/dasymetric-mapping?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

  • Barcelona Field Studies Centre. Choropleth Maps

https://geographyfieldwork.com/DataPresentationMappingTechniques.htm

E-BOOK

  • Caribbean Handbook on Risk Information Management. 5.3. Population Distribution Maps

http://www.charim.net/datamanagement/53

VIDEO

  • Gini Coefficient and Lorenz Curve

https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-microeconomics/ap-consumer-producer-surplus/inequality/v/gini-coefficient-and-lorenz-curve

E-JOURNAL

  • Estimating the empirical Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient in the presence of error with nested data/ Chaya S. Moskowitz and others, in, Statistics in Medicine, Volume 27 Issue 16, July 2008; pp 3191-3208. Retrieved from:  

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3465674/

 

The Merits and Demerits of the Methods of Depicting Population Distribution

WEBSITE

  • Geographic Information Technology Training Alliance. Choropleth Maps

http://www.gitta.info/ThematicCart/en/html/TypogrDesign_learningObject4.html

  • Geographic Information Technology Training Alliance. Dot Maps

http://www.gitta.info/ThematicCart/en/html/TypogrDesign_learningObject8.html

  • GIS Geography. Dot Distribution vs Graduated Symbols vs Proportional Symbol Maps

https://gisgeography.com/dot-distribution-graduated-symbols-proportional-symbol-maps/

  • Dot Density Map

http://wiki.gis.com/wiki/index.php/Dot_density_map

E-JOURNAL

  • Limitations of Using the Lorenz Curve Framework to Understand the Distribution of Population Viral Load/ Alexander C. Tsai, in, AIDS, Volume 31 Issue 5, March 2017; pp. 742. Retrieved from:   

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973837/

 

  1. POPULATION CHANGE – NATURAL

 

Factors Influencing Birth Rate, Death Rate, Natural Increase, Fertility Rate, Life Expectancy, Doubling Time

INTERACTIVE

  • PBR. Human Population- Lesson Plans

https://www.prb.org/humanpopulation/

  • Amazing World of Science with Mr. Green. Topic 8.1: Human Populations Dynamics

https://www.mrgscience.com/ess-topic-81-human-populations-dynamics.html

  • The Floating University Video Quiz.

http://floatinguniversity.com/cohen-quizzes

  • ​IGCSE Online Courses. Revision Notes- Factors affecting the Population

https://www.dineshbakshi.com/igcse-gcse-economics/developed-and-developing-economies/revision-notes/138-factors-affecting-population

  • Chapter 18. Lesson 10. What affects Birth and Fertility Rates?

https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-affects-birth-fertility-rates.html

  • PEW Research Centre. Demographic Study. The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050. Chapter 1: Main Factors Driving Population Growth

https://www.pewforum.org/2015/04/02/main-factors-driving-population-growth/

  • Chapter 4. Lesson 3. Causes of Death: Determinants of Mortality and Mortality Rates

https://study.com/academy/lesson/causes-of-death-determinants-of-mortality-mortality-rates.html

  • Kullabs. Grade 10: Demography. Factors Affecting Death

https://kullabs.com/class-10/environment-population-and-health-10/demography/factors-affecting-death#:~:text

  • Boundless Sociology. Population and Urbanization: Population Growth

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-sociology/chapter/population-growth/

  • Chapter 10. Lesson 1. The Human Population: Factors that Affect Population Size

https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-human-population-factors-that-affect-population-size.html

  • OpenLearn. How Fertility Rates affect Population

https://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-technology/mathematics-and-statistics/statistics/how-fertility-rates-affect-population

  • ThoughtCo. Geography-Humanities. What is Doubling-Time in Geography?

https://www.thoughtco.com/doubling-time-definition-1434704#:~:text=Population%20Growth%20and%20Doubling%20Time&text=While%20the%20number%20of%20births,can%20also%20vary%20over%20time.

  • Chapter 11. Lesson 3. Doubling-Time: Definition and Calculation

https://study.com/academy/lesson/doubling-time-definition-calculation.html

WEBSITE

  • Glossary of Demographic Terms

https://www.prb.org/glossary/

  • Bitesize. National 5. Population, Distribution, Growth & Change

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zbswxnb/revision/7

  • Factors affecting Populations

http://www.coolgeography.co.uk/GCSE/AQA/Population/Factors%20affecting/Factors%20affecting%20Population.htm

  • 4 Contributing Factors to Declining Fertility Rates: a Global Overview

https://www.volusonclub.net/empowered-womens-health/4-contributing-factors-to-declining-fertility-rates-a-global-overview/

  • Sociology Discussion. Mortality: Factors affecting and Causes of Decline

https://www.sociologydiscussion.com/demography/mortality/mortality-factors-affecting-and-causes-of-decline/2975

  • Geography AS Notes. Mortality Rates

https://geographyas.info/population/mortality-rates/

  • Economics Help. Factors that affect Population Size and Growth

https://www.economicshelp.org/blog/469/development/factors-effect-population-size-and-growth/

  • Insider. These 12 amazing Graphics show how Populations have changed around the World

https://www.insider.com/graphics-showing-population-change-world-2019-

  • Internet Geography. Geotopics- Population 1

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/popn1.html

  • Internet Geography. Geotopics- Population 2: Population Issues

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/popn2.html

  • iGCSE Internet Geography. Natural Population Change

https://www.internetgeography.net/igcse-geography/population-and-settlement-igcse-geography/natural-population-change/

  • What is Rate of Natural Increase (RNI)?

https://populationeducation.org/what-is-rate-of-natural-increase-rni/

  • What is Doubling-Time and how is it Calculated?

https://populationeducation.org/what-doubling-time-and-how-it-calculated/

  • World Population Growth

https://ourworldindata.org/world-population-growth

  • Rule of 70 Definition

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/rule-of-70.asp

  • Max Roser (2013). "Future Population Growth". Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from:

https://ourworldindata.org/future-population-growth  

PDF

  • Human Population Growth

 

  • 5. The Consequences of Rapid Population Growth

https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/5967/9780195204605_ch05.pdf?sequence=6&isAllowed=y

  • Population Growth Rate

https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/natlinfo/indicators/methodology_sheets/demographics/population_growth_rate.pdf

  • Some Causes of Fertility Rates Movements (Research Paper)/ Claire Norville and others

An Examination of Factors Affecting Fertility Rate Differentials as Compared Among Women in Less and More Developed Countries (Article)/ Ashraf Ragab El-Ghannam

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237430988_An_Examination_of_Factors_Affecting_Fertility_Rate_Differentials_as_Compared_Among_Women_in_Less_and_More_Developed_Countries

  • Female Education and Its Impact on Fertility

https://wol.iza.org/uploads/articles/228/pdfs/female-education-and-its-impact-on-fertility.pdf

  • Factors effecting Life Expectancy in Developed and Developing Countries of the world (An approach to Available Literature)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310240265_Factors_effecting_life_expectancy_in_developed_and_developing_countries_of_the_world_An_approach_to_available_literature

E-JOURNAL

  • Declining Birth Rate in Developed Countries: A Radical Policy Re-think is required/ G. Nargund, in, Facts, Views & Vision: Issues in Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Health,  Volume 3 Issue 1 (2009); pp. 191-193. Retrieved from:  

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4255510/

  • The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics after a Natural Disaster/ Jenna Nobles and others, in, Demography, Volume 52 Issue 1 (2015); pp. 15-38. Retrieved from: 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4411230/

  • The Human Population: Size and Dynamics / Anne H. Ehrlich in, American Zoologist, Volume 25, Issue 2 (May 1985); pp. 395–406. Retrieved from:  

https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/25/2/395/96866

  • How Government Policies Influence Declining Fertility Rates in Developed Countries/ Tari Glowaki and others, in, Middle States Geographer, Volume 40 (2007); pp. 32-38. Retrieved from:  

https://msaag.aag.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/4_Glowaki_Richmond.pdf

  • Impact of Socio-Health Factors on Life Expectancy in the Low and Lower Middle Income Countries/ Md. Nazrul islam Mondal & Mahendran Shitan, in, Iran Journal of Public Health, Volume 42 Issue 12 (2013); pp. 1354-1362. Retrieved from:  

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4441932/

E-BOOK

  • Population Reference Bureau’s Population Handbook. 4th International Edition.

http://users.pop.umn.edu/~rmccaa/3797/prbhbook.pdf

VIDEO

  • Find the Doubling-Time of Exponential Growth

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrKOkG8HQo4

 

The Demographic Transition Model and its Applicability to the Experiences of Developed and Developing Countries

WEBSITE

  • The Demographic Transition

https://papp.iussp.org/sessions/papp101_s01/PAPP101_s01_090_010.html

  • What is the Demographic Transition Model?

https://populationeducation.org/what-demographic-transition-model/

  • Barcelona Field Studies Centre. Demographic Transition Model

https://geographyfieldwork.com/DemographicTransition.htm

  • Demographic Transition Model

http://www.coolgeography.co.uk/GCSE/AQA/Population/Demographic%20Transition/Demographic%20Transition%20Model.htm

  • Demographic Transition

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_transition

https://www.jkgeography.com/demographic-transition.html

  • The Challenges of the End of the Demographic Transition

https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/articles/the-challenges-of-the-end-of-the-demographic-transition/

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Geography Study Notes. The Demographic Transition Model (DTM)

https://www.tutor2u.net/geography/reference/the-demographic-transition-model-dtm

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Demographic Transition

https://www.jkgeography.com/demographic-transition.html

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Demographic Transition Model

https://www.jkgeography.com/demographic-transition-model.html

  • MCDB 150: Global Problems of Population Growth. Lecture 14. Demographic Transition in Developing Countries

https://oyc.yale.edu/molecular-cellular-and-developmental-biology/mcdb-150/lecture-14

VIDEO

  • Demographic Transition

https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/society-and-culture/demographics/v/demographic-transition

  • The Demographic Transition Model

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dK3mL35nkk

  • Animation of the Demographic Transition Model and Population Growth & Decline

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqLy3ofLeiI

PDF

  • Demographic Transition and Education in Developing Countries (Article)/ A.V. Goujon

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/33899567.pdf

  • Demographic Transition and Demographic Dividends in Developed and Developing Countries (Research Article)/ Andrew Mason

https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/events/pdf/expert/9/mason.pdf

  • Quantifying the Effects of the Demographic Transition in Developing Economies (Research Paper)/ Orazio Attanasio and others

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4744227_Quantifying_the_Effects_of_the_Demographic_Transition_in_Developing_Economies

  • Economic and Social Implications of Demographic Transition (Article)/ David S. Reher

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2011.00376.x

  • Demographic Transition and Education in Developing Countries (Article)/ A.V. Goujon

https://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/C11/E6-60-03-08.pdf

  • The Demographic Transition

Lee, Ronald (2003). The Demographic Transition: Three Centuries of Fundamental Change

http://www.economie.ens.fr/IMG/pdf/lee_2003.pdf

  • World Bank Global Monitoring Report 2015. Part II. Development of an Era of Demographic Change

http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/477081444102982630/Global-Monitoring-Report-2015-Demographic-Change.pdf

  • The Causes and Consequences of Demographic Transition/ David Canning

https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/33730183/6431162.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

E-BOOK

  • Social Science LibreTexts. 17.2E. Demographic Transition Theory

https://socialsci.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Sociology/Book%3A_Sociology_(Boundless)/17%3A_Population_and_Urbanization/17.02%3A_Population_Growth/17.2E%3A_Demographic_Transition_Theory

  • Demographic Transition and its Consequences / Ronald D. Lee & David S. Reher (Editors)

https://www.popcouncil.org/uploads/pdfs/2011_PDRSupp_DemTranConseq.pdf

E-JOURNAL

  • Population Momentum across the Demographic Transition/ Laura Blue and Thomas J. Espenshade, in, Population Development Review, Volume 37 Issue 4 (2011); pp. 721-747. Retrieved from:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3345894/

 

Population Policy: Case Studies of Pro-natalist and Anti-natalist Policies

WEBSITE

  • Bitesize. GCSE. Managing Population Change- Case Study of Pro-natalist Policy: France

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z3grsg8/revision/5

  • Quebec’s Alternative to Pro-natalism

https://www.prb.org/quebecsalternativetopronatalism/

  • Institute for Family Studies. Pro-natal Policies work, but they come with a hefty Price Tag

https://ifstudies.org/blog/pro-natal-policies-work-but-they-come-with-a-hefty-price-tag

INTERACTIVE

  • IB DP Geopraphy. 004- Pro and Anti-natalist Policies

https://www.geogalot.com/ib-dp-geography/patterns-and-change/populations-in-transition/004---pro-and-anti-natalist-policies

  • IB Core. Populations in Transition

https://www.thegeographeronline.net/1-populations-in-transition.html

  • IB GEO Units. 3. Challenges & Opportunities: Population Possibility and Power over the Decision-making Process

http://www.adorngeo.com/3-challenges--opportunities.html

PDF

  • Fertility and the Family: An Overview of Pro-natalist Population Policies in Singapore (Research Paper)/ Theresa Wong and Brenda S.A. Yeoh

https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/share.nanjing-school.com/dist/1/43/files/2017/10/Singapore-population-policies-25xuy3q.pdf

  • Formulating Population Policy: A Case Study of the United States (Article)/ Rebecca J. Cook

https://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1937&context=ealr

  • Centre for Reproductive Rights. Rethinking Population Policies: a Reproductive Rights Framework (Briefing Paper)

https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/pub_bP_rethinkingpop.pdf

  • Pro-natalist Policies/ David Wood

https://www.thegeographeronline.net/uploads/2/6/6/2/26629356/geo_-_pronatalist_policies.pdf

  • Fertility and Population Policy (Article) / Abdoulaye Ouedraogo and others

https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/173214/1/GLO-DP-0163.pdf

  • From Anit-natalist to Ultra Conservative: Restricting Reproductive Choice in Peru (Article)/ Anna-Britt Coe

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/research/Peru-COE%20Antinatalist%20to%20ultraconservative%20restrictin%20reproductive%20choice.Coe.pdf

VIDEO

  • Pro versus Anti-natalist Policies in Countries around the World

https://prezi.com/8ayls0kcp4xa/pro-vs-anti-natalist-policies/

E-JOURNAL

  • A New Method of Identifying Target Groups for Pro-natalist Policy applied to Australia/ Mengni Chen and others, in, PLOS ONE Online Journal 2018. Retrieved from:

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0192007

E-BOOK

  • Ultra-low Fertility in Pacific Asia: Trends, Causes and Policy Issues. Pages 1-22: Very Low Fertility in Pacific Asian Countries: Causes and Policy Responses/ Gavin Jones and others

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/111758657.pdf

 

  1. POPULATION CHANGE – MIGRATION

 

Types of Migration

PDF

  • Migration: Types and reasons

http://uki.vdu.lt/wp-content/uploads/sinergija/EN/geografija/geografija3/Tekstas%20Migration,%20%20%C4%AFvadinis%20pratimas.pdf

  • Living Review of Landscape Research: 4. Types of Migration (Article)/ Simon Bell and others

http://lrlr.landscapeonline.de/Articles/lrlr-2010-2/articlese4.html

  • Types of Migration

http://epgp.inflibnet.ac.in/epgpdata/uploads/epgp_content/S000453PO/P001844/M029724/ET/1525153905Module-2PS_MU_2.pdf

  • International Migration Law. Glossary on Migration

https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/iml_34_glossary.pdf

  • Types of Migration: the Motivations, Composition, and Early Integration Patterns of ‘New Migrants’ in Europe (Article)/ Renee Luthra and others

http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/67309/1/Types%20of%20migration_2016.pdf

  • Internal and International Migration: Bridging the Theoretical Divide (Research Paper)/ Russell King and others

https://www.migrationinstitute.org/files/events/king.pdf/@@download

E-JOURNAL

  • Drivers of Migration: Why do People Move? / Francesco Castelli in Journal of Travel Medicine, Volume 25, Issue 1 (2018). Retrieved from:  

https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article/25/1/tay040/5056445

INTERACTIVE

  • National Geographic Resource Library. Activity 1. Introduction to Human Migration

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/introduction-human-migration/

  • eSchoolToday. Your Cool facts and Tips on- Migration: Forms of Migration

 

  • Internet Geography. What are the Main Types of Migration?

https://www.internetgeography.net/topics/what-are-the-main-types-of-migration/

  • InternetGeography. Geotopics: Migration

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/migration.html

  • National Geographic Xpeditions. Human Migration Guide(6-8): What is Human Migration?

https://pmt.physicsandmathstutor.com/download/Geography/A-level/Notes/OCR/Global-Migration/Migration.pdf

WEBSITE

  • Why do People Migrate? The 4 Most Common Types of Migration

https://populationeducation.org/why-do-people-migrate-the-4-most-common-types-of-migration/

  • Sociology Discussion. Migration; Meaning, Types and Effects

https://www.sociologydiscussion.com/communication/migration/migration-meaning-types-and-effects/3112

  • United Nations. Migration

 

  • World Atlas. The Different Types of Human Migration

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-different-types-of-human-migration.html

 

Causes and Consequences to Source (sending) and Host (receiving) Countries- Case Studies

PDF

  • GEO Factsheet No. 89. Migration Case Studies

https://www.thegeographeronline.net/uploads/2/6/6/2/26629356/migration_case_studies.pdf

  • OECD Development Centre. Working Paper No. 250. Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: What Do We Know? / Louka T. Katseli and others.

https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/events/pdf/other/turin/P11_Katseli.pdf

  • World Economic Forum. Migration and Its Impact on Cities. (2017 Report)

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/Migration_Impact_Cities_report_2017_low.pdf

  • Caribbean Expert Group Meeting on Human Rights and Development in the Caribbean 2005. Migration in the Caribbean: What do We Know?

https://repositorio.cepal.org/bitstream/handle/11362/38805/LCCARL054_en.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

  • Institute of Development Studies. The Effects Economic Integration of Migrants have on the Economy of Host Countries. HelpDesk Report (K4D, 2019)

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5d41b51e40f0b60a85e75468/571_Economic_Impacts_International_Migration_Host_Countries.pdf

  • The Effects of Immigration in Developed Countries: Insights from Recent Economic Research / Anthony Edo and others. CEPII Policy Brief No. 22, April 2018. Retrieved from:  

http://www.cepii.fr/PDF_PUB/pb/2018/pb2018-22.pdf

  • Economic and Social Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: The Cases of Albania and Bulgaria / Eugenia Markova

https://www.oecd.org/dev/38528396.pdf

  • 2017 MEDAM Assessment Report. Chapter 4: A Country-of-Origin Perspective: Migration decisions, Development assistance, and How Migrants Help to Shape Values at Home

https://www.medam-migration.eu/fileadmin/Dateiverwaltung/MEDAM-Webseite/Publications/Assessment_Reports/2017_MEDAM_Assessment_Report/MEDAM_Assessment_Report_2017_Chapter4_Country-of-origin_perspective.pdf

  • How Immigrants Contribute to Developing Countries’ Economies

https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264288737-en.pdf?expires=1610632400&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=2ECB7DA91A533F3C9D2F3EBEE180B57F

  • Benefitting from immigration: The value of Immigrants’ Country Knowledge for Firm Internationalization

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s42214-019-00034-9

  • Language learning in the context of Migration and Integration – Challenges and Options for Adult Learners Verena PLUTZAR and Monika RITTER, Vienna

https://rm.coe.int/16802fc1d6

  • KNOMAD Working Paper No.1. April 2014.The Effect of Low-skilled Labor Migration on the Host Economy/ Uri Dadush

 

  • International Organizaton for Migration (IOM). Working Papers on Migration No. 1, 2017. Migration in the Caribbean: Current trends, Opportunities and Challenges

https://caribbeanmigration.org/sites/default/files/repository/working_papers_en_baja_20.06.17.pdf

E-BOOK

  • International Labour Migrants: Unsung Heroes of Globalisation / by Bhargavi Ramamurthy. (Sida Studies No. 8.)

https://www.sida.se/contentassets/9f5fa59b29c84275bcb35e90c7043798/13525.pdf

WEBSITE

  • Migratory Patterns in the Caribbean: Impacts and Perspectives for Caribbean Countries

http://www.open-diplomacy.eu/blog/migratory-patterns-in-the-caribbean-impacts-and-perspectives-for-caribbean

  • India-UK Migration: A Case Study

https://www.arcgis.com/apps/Cascade/index.html?appid=1d2fbc3263ad4e3aab2bc841c49fb36a

  • Opportunities and Challenges of International Migration for Sending and Receiving Countries

http://www.mfa.gov.tr/opportunuties-and-challenges-of-international-migration-for-sending-and-receiving-countries.tr.mfa

E-JOURNAL

  • Bringing Happiness into the Study of Migration and its Consequences: What, Why, and How? / Martijn Hendriks and David Bartram, in, Journal of Integration and Refugee Studies, Volume17 Issue 3 (2019); pp. 279-298. Retrieved from:  

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15562948.2018.1458169

 

Calculation of Population Growth Rates and Construction of Flow Lines

WEBSITE

  • How to Calculate Population Projections

https://sciencing.com/calculate-population-projections-8473012.html

  • Calculating Population Growth

https://www.britannica.com/science/population-ecology/Calculating-population-growth

  • How Populations Grow: the Exponential and Logistic Equations

https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/how-populations-grow-the-exponential-and-logistic-13240157/

  • Visualizing Population Migration by Where People Filed their Taxes

https://www.esri.com/arcgis-blog/products/arcgis-online/mapping/visualizing-population-migration-by-where-people-filed-their-taxes/

  • GIS Geography. How to Create Flow Maps and Link Movement with Direction Lines

https://gisgeography.com/flow-maps/

  • GIS Lounge. Overview of Flow Mapping

https://www.gislounge.com/overview-flow-mapping/

INTERACTIVE

  • Population Growth- An Introduction

http://www.appstate.edu/~neufeldhs/bio1102/lectures/lecture18.htm#:~:text=Net%20reproductive%20rate%20(r)%20is%20calculated%20as%3A%20r%20%3D,terms%2C%20just%20multiply%20by%20100.&text=the%20population%20is%20so%20much%20bigger%2C%20many%20more%20individuals%20are%20added.

  • Planning Analysis: Calculating Growth Rates

https://pages.uoregon.edu/rgp/PPPM613/class8a.htm

  • Chapter 19. Lesson 4. Population Growth Rate: Definition, Formula and Examples

https://study.com/academy/lesson/population-growth-rate-definition-formula-examples.html

  • Socratic Q&A. Environmental Science. Topics: How do you Calculate Population Growth?

https://socratic.org/questions/how-do-you-calculate-population-growth

  • Bitesize. GCSE Edexcel. Graphical Skills

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zyhgqty/revision/3

  • Cartography: Flow-line Map

https://sites.google.com/site/mapcarto1/home/flowline-map

  • Bitesize. National 5. Data Shown on Maps

 

  • Geographic Information Systems. How do I Create a Flow-Line Map for my Data?

https://gis.stackexchange.com/questions/92376/how-do-i-create-a-flow-line-map-for-my-data

  • The Data Visualisation Catalogue. Flow Map

https://datavizcatalogue.com/methods/flow_map.html

VIDEO

  • Population Growth Rate Calculation/ Tom Koch

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJFWaaz6H3I

  • Population Growth Rate based on Birth and Death Rates

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/ap-biology/ecology-ap/population-ecology-ap/v/population-growth-rate-based-on-birth-and-death-rates

  • Per Capita Population Growth and Exponential Growth

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/ap-biology/ecology-ap/population-ecology-ap/v/per-capita-population-growth-and-exponential-growth

  • How to make a Flow-line map

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZgeP2Eik9s

  • Analysing a Flow-line map

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T19rebWWMPc

  • Microsoft Office: How to make Flow-line Maps

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NTr9RsoJmIc

POWERPOINT

  • Geographical Skills: Flow Line Maps [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/georgedumitrache399/geographic-skills-flowline-maps

E-BOOK

  • Geographical Enquiries: Skills and Techniques for Geography/ By Garrett Nagle, Kris Spence

https://books.google.tt/books?id=KXWRZogO4eQC&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=flow+line+map&source=bl&ots=bmtV59KC7p&sig=ACfU3U38Zs57PthpwnFF2jN4JZFZ_SSbsg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj28Knki5vqAhXpYt8KHQWHDA8Q6AEwHXoECAwQAQ#v=onepage&q=flow%20line%20map&f=false

  • Basic Hydrogeologic Methods: A Field and Laboratory Manual with ...  / By Frank Fletcher

https://books.google.tt/books?id=KOgKtdsmmgkC&pg=PA81&lpg=PA81&dq=flow+line+map&source=bl&ots=Sh6B8oeddc&sig=ACfU3U2383DaBbHGXiR8GzTWeCh7tmrayw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj28Knki5vqAhXpYt8KHQWHDA8Q6AEwH3oECA0QAQ#v=onepage&q=flow%20line%20map&f=false

PDF

  • Flow Map Layout (Article) / Doantam Phan and others

http://graphics.stanford.edu/papers/flow_map_layout/flow_map_layout.pdf

 

MODULE 2: HYDROLOGICAL, FLUVIAL, COASTAL AND LIMESTONE ENVIRONMENTS

 

  1. HYDROLOGY

Associated Concepts- Hydrological Cycle; River Basin

INTERACTIVE

  • Chapter 14. Lesson 10.The Hydrological Cycle: Definition, Process and Diagrams

https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-hydrologic-cycle-definition-process-diagram.html

  • Socratic Q&A. Environmental Science. What is the Hydrological Cycle?

https://socratic.org/questions/what-is-the-hydrological-cycle

  • Bitesize. Higher. The Global Hydrological Cycle

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z29ccdm/revision/1

  • Penn-State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences. METEO 3. Introductory Meteorology. The Hydrologic Cycle- Lesson 4: The Role of Water in Weather

https://www.e-education.psu.edu/meteo3/l4_p2.html

  • Freshwater Inflows: the Hydrologic Cycle

https://www.freshwaterinflow.org/hydrologic-cycle

  • GEO41.com. Importance of Freshwater: Explain the Value and Importance of Freshwater?

 

  • Bitesize. Higher. Hydrological Cycle within a Drainage Basin

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zrcbjhv/revision/1

  • A Level Geography. The Drainage Basin Hydrological Cycle

https://www.alevelgeography.com/drainage-basin-hydrological-system/

  • A Level Geography. Erosion, Transportation and Deposition & the Hjulstrom Curve

https://www.alevelgeography.com/the-long-profile-changing-processes-types-of-erosion-transportation-and-deposition/

WEBSITE

  • Description of the Hydrological Cycle

https://www.nwrfc.noaa.gov/info/water_cycle/hydrology.cgi

  • A summary of the Hydrological Cycle

http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/hyd/smry.rxml

  • The Hydrological Cycle (Water Cycle)

https://www.h2odistributors.com/pages/info/info-water-cycle.asp

  • Hydrological Cycle

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/hydrological-cycle

  • Northwest River Forecast Centre. Hydrologic Cycle: Description of the Hydrologic Cycle

https://www.nwrfc.noaa.gov/info/water_cycle/hydrology.cgi

  • Common Hydrological Terms

https://niwa.co.nz/education-and-training/schools/students/hydro-terms

  • The Drainage Basin Hydrological Cycle

https://alevelrivers.weebly.com/the-drainage-basin-hydrological-cycle.html

  • What is the Hydrologic Cycle?

https://www.dummies.com/education/science/environmental-science/what-is-the-hydrologic-cycle/

  • Basin Hydrology

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/basin-hydrology

  • Hydrological Processes within a River Basin

https://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~martins/hydro/lectures/riverb.htm

  • USGS. Science in your Watershed. Glossary

https://water.usgs.gov/wsc/glossary.html

  • Drainage Basins & the Hydrological Cycle

https://geographyas.info/rivers/drainage-basins-and-the-hydrological-cycle/

  • The Drainage Basin

http://www.yorku.ca/klyoung/1400/BASIN.htm

PDF

  • Chapter 4. The Ocean’s Role in the Hydrological Cycle

https://www.un.org/Depts/los/global_reporting/WOA_RPROC/Chapter_04.pdf

VIDEO

  • The Water (Hydrological) Cycle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=srI4oTvTJjM

  • Drainage Basin Hydrological Cycle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GOJ3S5jKSI

E-JOURNAL

  • Hydrology for the Water Management of Large River Basins/ H.J. Liebscher, in, Hydrological Sciences Journal, Volume 38 Issue 1 (1993); pp. 1-13. Retrieved from:

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02626669309492636

 

Major Flows and Factors influencing Flows within the Hydrological Cycle

INTERACTIVE

  • Factors affecting the Hydrological Cycle: Flashcards Preview

https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/factors-affecting-the-hydrological-cycle-3205220/packs/2980906

  • Tutor2U Geography. Study Notes: How does the Water Cycle change over time?

https://www.tutor2u.net/geography/reference/how-does-the-water-cycle-change-over-time

  • Environmental Geology- GEOL 406/506. Surface Water: Process, Supply and Use Module 7. Part 1

 

  • PennState College. METEO 3 Introductory Meteorology. The Hydrologic Cycle

https://www.e-education.psu.edu/meteo3/l4_p2.html

  • Human Influences on the Water Cycle

http://coolgeography.co.uk/advanced/Human_Influences_Water_Cycle.php

WEBSITE

  • Surface Runoff and the Water Cycle

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/surface-runoff-and-water-cycle?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

  • Module 1. Hydrologic Cycle

https://nptel.ac.in/content/storage2/courses/105107129/module1/lecture1/lecture1.pdf

  • Chapter 1. The Hydrological Cycle

https://echo2.epfl.ch/VICAIRE/mod_1a/chapt_1/main.htm

  • Influences on the Water Cycle

https://www.mdba.gov.au/education/resources/influences-on-water-cycle

  • The Effects of Changes in the World Hydrological Cycle on availability of Water Resources

 

  • Water Cycle

https://www.britannica.com/science/water-cycle

  • The Water Cycle

https://www.noaa.gov/education/resource-collections/freshwater/water-cycle

  • Infiltration and the Water Cycle

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/infiltration-and-water-cycle?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

  • Geography 327. Hydrology: Interception

http://uregina.ca/~sauchyn/geog327/intercept.html

  • Natural processes of Ground-Water and Surface-Water Interaction. The Hydrological Cycle and Interactions of Ground-Water and Surface-Water

https://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/circ1139/htdocs/natural_processes_of_ground.htm

  • Hydrology, Soil Architecture and Water Movement

http://www.fao.org/3/y4690e/y4690e07.htm

  • Effects of Climate Change on the Hydrological Cycle in Central and Eastern Europe

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-7960-0_3

  • Factors affecting the Water Cycle

https://www.thegeoroom.co.zw/hydrology/factors-affecting-water-cycle.php

  • Vicaire. Module 1A. Chapter 5: Infiltration

https://echo2.epfl.ch/VICAIRE/mod_1a/chapt_5/main.htm

  • The Water Cycle

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/Water

  • Modelling the Global Water Cycle

https://personal.ems.psu.edu/~dmb53/DaveSTELLA/Water/global%20water/global_water.htm

PDF

  • Chapter 2. The Hydrological Cycle

https://notendur.hi.is/thorstur/teaching/vatna/HYDROCYCLE.PDF

  • The Role of Interception in the Hydrological Cycle

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45685037_The_role_of_interception_in_the_hydrological_cycle

  • Introduction to Hydrology

 https://ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/baug/ifu/hydrology-dam/documents/lectures/hydrologie/lectures/HYI_HS17_Introduction_lecture_complete.pdf

  • The Role of Interception in the Hydrological Cycle/ Miriam Gerrits

https://www.hydrology.nl/images/docs/dutch/2010.09.14_Gerrits.pdf

  • Chapter 4. Water Relations and Hydrologic Cycles/ R.H. Warring and others

http://people.forestry.oregonstate.edu/richard-waring/sites/people.forestry.oregonstate.edu.richard-waring/files/page_files/Waring%20and%20Rogers%201981.pdf

  • Chapter 4. Hydrology and Water Resources

https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/03/wg2TARchap4.pdf

  • Effects of Human Activities on Hydrological Components in the Yiluo River Basin in Middle Yellow River/ Xiujie Wang and others

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332195844_Effects_of_Human_Activities_on_Hydrological_Components_in_the_Yiluo_River_Basin_in_Middle_Yellow_River

  • The Hydrological Cycle and the Human Impact on it

http://www.biodiversity.ru/programs/ecoservices/library/functions/water/doc/Kuchment.pdf

  • How Urbanization affects the Water Cycle

https://www.coastal.ca.gov/nps/watercyclefacts.pdf

  • Chapter 8.1. Factors affecting Runoff Nutrient Losses

https://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/epw11920/$FILE/8-1.pdf

  • Long-Term Changes of Hydrological Variables in a Small Lowland Watershed in Central Poland / Adam Krajewski and others

https://iris.unibs.it/retrieve/handle/11379/515567/96461/2019_KrajewskiRanziBanasik%40Water_longtermtrends.pdf

  • Drainage Basins as Open Systems

https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/tutor2u-media/resource-samples/AQA-A-Level-Geography-Core-Resource-Pack-Water-Carbon-Cycles-Sample.pdf?mtime=20161028081616

  • Hydrological Drought Explained

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/wat2.1085

  • Manual on Low Flow Estimation and Prediction

E-JOURNAL

  • The effects of Tree Characteristics on Rainfall Interception in Urban Areas/ Byungsun Yang and others, in Landscape and Ecological Engineering, Volume 15 (2019); pp. 289-296. Retrieved from:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11355-019-00383-w

  • Fundamentals of Watershed Hydrology/ Pamela J. Edwards and others, in, Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, Volume 154 Issue 1 (2015); pp. 3-20. Retrieved from:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1936-704X.2015.03185.x

  • Hydrological Impacts of Land Use Change and Climate Variability in the Headwater Region of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China/ Ling Zang and others, in, PLoS One, Volume 11 Issue 6 (2016). Retrieved from:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4922588/

E-BOOK

  • Stormwater Hydrology and Drainage/ by D. J. Stephenson. Chapter 2. Rainfall and Runoff

https://books.google.tt/books?id=bpOQSmboQ2gC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Major+flows+and+factors+influencing+flows+within+the+hydrological+cycle-chanel+precipitation&source=bl&ots=pEo334jTRR&sig=ACfU3U1D3ytQMNXeUj4NOpE5Za8i4tbb9A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjI6aXuxK7qAhVGh-AKHZ3wCck4ChDoATAAegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=Major%20flows%20and%20factors%20influencing%20flows%20within%20the%20hydrological%20cycle-chanel%20precipitation&f=false

  • Runoff Processes. International Edition

http://portal.chmi.cz/files/portal/docs/poboc/CB/runoff_cz/print.htm

  • Earth Science and Applications from Space; National imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond (2007). Chapter 11. Water Resources and the Global Hydrologic Cycle

https://www.nap.edu/read/11820/chapter/13

  • Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences (2012). Chapter 2. The Water Cycle: an agent of Change

https://www.nap.edu/read/13293/chapter/4

  • Thriving on our Changing Planet: A Decadal strategy on Earth Observation from Space (2018). Chapter 6. Global Hydrological Cycles and Water Resources

https://www.nap.edu/read/24938/chapter/10

  • Riverine Ecosystem Management (2018). Chapter 10. River Hydrology, Flow Alteration and Environmental Flow

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-73250-3_4

  • Overland Flow under Rainfall: Some aspects related to Modelling and Conditioning Factors

https://edepot.wur.nl/202869

  • Environmental Biology. 7.1. Water Cycle and Freshwater Supply

https://openoregon.pressbooks.pub/envirobiology/chapter/7-1-water-cycle-and-fresh-water-supply/

 

Storm Hydrographs and Water Budgets

INTERACTIVE

  • Water Budgets and River Systems. Flashcards Preview

https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/water-budgets-and-river-systems-6400293/packs/9716677

  • 5.3 - The Hydrological Cycle influences Water Budgets and River Systems at a Local Scale

https://www.chegg.com/flashcards/5-3-the-hydrological-cycle-influences-water-budgets-and-river-systems-at-a-local-2da35e23-657a-46f8-af35-0d0d14955240/deck

  • Study Rocket. Revision: A Level Geography Edexcel. Storm Hydrographs

https://studyrocket.co.uk/revision/a-level-geography-edexcel/the-water-cycle-water-security/storm-hydrographs

  • Study Rocket. Revision: A Level Geography Edexcel. Water Budgets

https://studyrocket.co.uk/revision/a-level-geography-edexcel/the-water-cycle-water-security/water-budgets

  • WATER EQ1: What are the Processes Operating within the Hydrological Cycle from Global to Local Scale? (Revision Worksheets)

https://mrgeogwagg.files.wordpress.com/2018/04/water-cycle-security-revision-worksheets.pdf

  • Water Resource Management Exercise Manual/ Mark W. Bowen

https://www.uwosh.edu/facstaff/bowenm/Labmanual-GEOG364.pdf

  • Quizlet. Water Budgets and River Systems (Water)

https://quizlet.com/299821866/water-budgets-and-river-systems-water-diagram/

  • Tutor2U Geography. Study Notes: Flood Hydrographs Explained

https://www.tutor2u.net/geography/reference/flood-hydrographs-explained

  • Cool-Geography. A Level. The Storm Hydrograph

http://www.coolgeography.co.uk/A-level/AQA/Year%2012/Rivers_Floods/Hydrographs/Hydrographs.htm

  • Revise Online. AS A Level Geography Quiz: Storm Hydrographs

https://revision.co.zw/as-a-level-geography-quiz-storm-hydrographs/

PDF

  • Water Budgets: Foundations for effective Water Resources and Environmental Management

https://water.usgs.gov/watercensus/AdHocComm/Background/WaterBudgets-FoundationsforEffectiveWater-ResourcesandEnvironmentalManagement.pdf

  • Navigating Ontario’s Future: Water Budget Overview

https://conservationontario.ca/fileadmin/pdf/policy-priorities_section/IWM_WaterBudgetOverview_PP.pdf

  • Storm Hydrographs

http://mrbgeographyib.mrbgeography.com/files/83%20storm%20hydrograph.pdf

VIDEO

  • Water Budgets Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_X7AB1Cz7g

  • Water Budgets: The Hydrologic Cycle and Topographic Maps

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fUs6T-vsvbI

  • AS Physical Geography-The Storm Hydrograph

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSW6GCBVU1I

  • The Flood/Storm Hydrograph River Discharge: GCSE A Level Geography

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gb9JvFfo3vc

  • A Level Geography: River Hydrographs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ud1Xs4UQ7ho

WEBSITE

  • A Level Geography. River Discharge. Storm Hydrographs

https://www.alevelgeography.com/river-discharge-storm-hydrograph/

  • A Level Geography. The Water Balance

https://www.alevelgeography.com/water-balance/

  • Urban Drainage

http://www.coolgeography.co.uk/advanced/Urban_Drainage.php

  • The Hydrological Cycle - Water Budgets

https://water-research.net/index.php/the-hydrological-cycle-water-budgets

  • National Institute of Hydrology, India. Hydrology

http://117.252.14.242/learning_hyd.html

  • S-Cool A Level Geography. Storm Hydrographs and River Discharge

https://www.s-cool.co.uk/a-level/geography/river-profiles/revise-it/storm-hydrographs-and-river-discharge

  • Geography Revision: GCSE, AS and A Level Geography Revision. River Discharge

https://geography-revision.co.uk/a-level/physical/river-discharge/

E-BOOK

  • Watershed Hydrology. Second Edition/ By Peter E. Black. Chapter 4. The Biosphere

https://books.google.tt/books?id=pLwFN1d59VsC&pg=PA123&lpg=PA123&dq=Storm+hydrographs+and+water+budgets&source=bl&ots=zccvLqXoPQ&sig=ACfU3U3HdJZHZFnkcGscxH97k4RY02_bkA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi_u6_gga_qAhUqmuAKHa7ED-AQ6AEwD3oECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Storm%20hydrographs%20and%20water%20budgets&f=false

  • Engineering Hydorlogy. 3E/ By Subramanya. 5.2. Hydrograph (p. 141-142)

https://books.google.tt/books?id=LROqKvHaRyMC&pg=PA142&lpg=PA142&dq=Storm+hydrographs+and+water+budgets&source=bl&ots=okxgJSn4OU&sig=ACfU3U3nKW2Aa6o-eSKS8E8EaKTPmDd7aw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi_u6_gga_qAhUqmuAKHa7ED-AQ6AEwEHoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=Storm%20hydrographs%20and%20water%20budgets&f=false

  • Water Budgets, Water Quality, and Analysis of Nutrient Loading of the Winter .../ By G. G. Phelps, E. R. German (Page 14)

https://books.google.tt/books?id=WWvuAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=Storm+hydrographs+and+water+budgets&source=bl&ots=gYQ6wdg94R&sig=ACfU3U2BOisLOks-i9hvO0ivtYVVCDrKfw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjGuprRha_qAhXlmeAKHX_CAA44ChDoATADegQICRAB#v=onepage&q=Storm%20hydrographs%20and%20water%20budgets&f=false

E-JOURNAL

  • Rainfall–runoff Response, Event-based Runoff Coefficients and Hydrograph Separation/ Theresa Blume, in Journal of Hydrological Sciences, Volume 52 Issue 5 (2007); pp. 843-862. Retrieved from:

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1623/hysj.52.5.843

POWERPOINT

  • Cambridge AS Geography Revision: Hydrology and Fluvial Geomorphology- 1.2. Rainfall Discharge Relationships [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/georgedumitrache399/cambridge-as-geography-revision-fluvial-geomorphology-rainfall-discharge-relationships

  • Hydrological Cycle and Water Budget [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/yourmohsin/water-cycle-and-water-budget

 

Climatic, Physical and Biotic Factors affecting Drainage Basin Characteristics and Flows

INTERACTIVE

  • Tutor2U Geography. Study Notes: The Drainage Basin System

https://www.tutor2u.net/geography/reference/the-drainage-basin-system

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Factors affecting River regimes

https://www.jkgeography.com/factors-affecting-river-regimes.html

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. The Drainage Basin as an Open System

https://www.jkgeography.com/the-drainage-basin-as-a-system.html

  • Geographypods.com. Functioning of Drainage Basins

https://www.geographypods.com/2-drainage-basins-and-flooding.html

  • Brain-Scape. Geography- The Water Cycle. Impact of Physical and Human Factors on the Drainage Basin: Flashcards Review

https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/impact-of-physical-and-human-factors-on-t-6398040/packs/9716677

  • Bitesize. Higher. The Global Hydrological Cycle: Factors affecting an Individual Drainage Basin

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z29ccdm/revision/3

  • IB Geographypods. 2. Flooding and Flood Mitigation (Place)

https://www.ibgeographypods.org/2-flooding-and-flood-mitigation.html

  • A level Geography Revision. EDEXCEL. 5.3C. Storm Hydrographs

https://geographyrevisionalevel.weebly.com/3c-storm-hydrographs.html

  • The Nature Education Knowledge Project Library. Rivers and Streams: life in Flowing Water

https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/rivers-and-streams-life-in-flowing-water-23587918/

WEBSITE

  • Drainage Basins as Open Systems

http://coolgeography.co.uk/advanced/Drainage_Basins.php

  • Internet-Geography. Geotopics- Rivers: Discharge

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/discharge.html

  • Internet-Geography. Flood Hydographs

https://www.internetgeography.net/topics/flood-hydrographs/

  • The Effects of Other Uses of River Basins on Fisheries

http://www.fao.org/3/x6841e/X6841E05.htm

  • Water Encyclopedia. Runoff, Factors Affecting

http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Re-St/Runoff-Factors-Affecting.html

  • Rivers, Wetlands and Floodplains

https://www.mdba.gov.au/discover-basin/environment/rivers-wetlands-floodplains

  • Freshwater Lakes and Rivers

 

  • Regional Aquatics Monitoring Program (RAMP). Surface Water Hydrology: The River Basin.

http://www.ramp-alberta.org/river/hydrology/surface+water/drainage+basin.aspx

  • Link between River Outflow and Coastal Sea Level

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180709152714.htm

  • Study finds Link between River Outflow and Coastal Sea Level

https://tinyurl.com/yccv58sx

  • Why should we worry about Sea Level Change?

https://kids.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/frym.2017.00041

  • Estuaries: Where the River Meets the Sea

https://tinyurl.com/ybgcrubl

  • Coastal Processes—Changes in Sea Level

https://www.nps.gov/articles/coastal-processes-changes-in-sea-level.htm

  • Effect of Climate Change on Coastline Evolution

http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Effect_of_climate_change_on_coastline_evolution

PDF

  • Revise AS Level Geography for Edexcel Specification B

 

  • AQA/AS/A Level Geography Revision Notes

https://www.hoddereducation.co.uk/media/Documents/Geography/MRN-AQA-A-level-Geography-sample-pages.pdf

  • Hydro-geomorphic Effects of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions on Drainage Basins/ Thomas C. Pierson and Jon J. Major

https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev-earth-060313-054913

  • The Drainage Basin System

https://cpb-eu-w2.wpmucdn.com/edublog.mgfl.net/dist/a/14/files/2015/05/The-Drainage-Basin-System-1h6troa.pdf

  • Cambridge International AS and A Level Geography. 2nd edition. 1. Hydrological and Fluvial Geomorphology

https://www.hoddereducation.co.uk/media/Documents/International/Cambridge%20A%20level/9781471868566_ALGeo.pdf

  • Changes in Sea Level over time influence Coastal landforms

https://tinyurl.com/y8u6xmhd

  • Sea Level Rise and its Coastal Impacts/ Anny Cazenave and Gonéri Le Cozannet

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/2013EF000188

  • Past, Present, and Future Sea Level Rise and Effects on Coasts under Changing Global Climate

https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5252/downloads/Chapter-C/Chapter-C.pdf

E-JOURNAL

  • Influence of Basin Characteristics on the Effectiveness and Downstream Reach of Inter-basin Water Transfers: Displacing a Problem / Ryan E. Emanuel and others, in, Environmental Research Letters, Volume 10 (2015).  Retrieved from:

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/124005/pdf

  • Changes in Major Global River Discharges Directed into the Ocean/ Xiaoging Shi and others, in, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 16 Issue 8 (2019); pp. 1469. Retrieved from:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6517961/

  • Effects of Watershed Topography, Soils, Land Use, and Climate on Base-flow Hydrology in Humid Regions: A Review/ Katie Price, in, Progress in physical Geography, Volume 35 Issue 4 (2011); pp. 465-492. Retrieved from:

https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.432.5916&rep=rep1&type=pdf

  • Drainage Network Position and Historical Connectivity explain Global Patterns in Freshwater Fishes’ Range Size/ Juan Carvajal-Quintero and others, in, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, Volume 116 Issue 27 (2019); pp. 13434-13439. Retrieved from:

https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1902484116

  • Environmental Characteristics and Water Quality of a Drainage Basin Impacted by Human Activities/ Josiani C. Oliveira and others, in. Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, Volume 6 No. 2 (2017); pp. 373-389. Retrieved from:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319853136_Environmental_Characteristics_and_Water_Quality_of_a_Drainage_Basin_Impacted_by_Human_Activities

  • Local-Habitat, Watershed, and Biotic Features Associated with Bull Trout Occurrence in Montana Streams/ Cecil F. Rich and others, in, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, Volume 132 (2003); pp. 1053–1064. Retrieved from:

https://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/rmrs_2003_rich_c001.pdf

  • Abiotic vs. Biotic Factors: Lessons drawn from Rotifers in the Middle Loire, a Meandering River monitored from 1995 to 2002, during Low Flow Periods/ Nicole Laire, in, Hydorbiologia, Volume 546 (2005); pp. 457-472. Retrieved from:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226799658_Abiotic_vs_Biotic_Factors_Lessons_Drawn_From_Rotifers_in_the_Middle_Loirea_Meandering_River_Monitored_From_1995_to_2002_During_Low_Flow_Periods

  • Role of Abiotic and Biotic Factors in Structuring the Metazoan Plankton Community in a Lowland River/ Giampaolo Rossetti and others, in, River Research and Application, Volume 25 (2009); pp. 814-835. Retrieved from:

https://www.academia.edu/32798806/Role_of_abiotic_and_biotic_factors_in_structuring_the_metazoan_plankton_community_in_a_lowland_river

  • Key Factors Influencing Differences in Stream Water Quality across Space/ A. Lintern and others, in, WIREs Water, Volume 5 Issue 1 (2018); pp. 1-31. Retrieved from:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/wat2.1260

  • The Interactions between Vegetation and Erosion: New Directions for Research at the Interface of Ecology and Geomorphology/ W.R. Osterkamp and others, in, Earth, Surface Processes and Landforms,  Volume 37 (2012); pp. 23–36. Retrieved from:

https://dendrolab.ch/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Osterkamp_etal_ESPL_2012.pdf

E-BOOK

  • Physical Geography.net. Fundamentals e-book. Chapter 10. Introduction to the Lithosphere: (aa). The Drainage Basin Concept.

http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10aa.html

  • Cambridge International AS and A Level Geography. Topic 1. Hydrology and fluvial Geomorphology

https://www.hoddereducation.co.uk/media/Documents/International/Cambridge%20A%20level/9781471868566_ALGeo.pdf

  • Physical Geology. Chapter 13. Streams and Floods- 13.2. Drainage Basins

https://opentextbc.ca/geology/chapter/13-2-drainage-basins/

  • Water Quality Assessments - A Guide to Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environmental Monitoring - Second Edition. Chapter 6. Rivers

 

  • Sediment Budgets and Routing in Forested Drainage Basins/ By Frederick John Swanson

https://books.google.tt/books?id=wHBa89ZP8DMC&pg=PA124&lpg=PA124&dq=Biotic+Factors+affecting+Drainage+Basin+Characteristics+and+Flows&source=bl&ots=zlnaYG5nZX&sig=ACfU3U1uVfpkkCyp5KG1UbS4nauGuxceAw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjuio3SsJ3qAhVileAKHUFtBMc4FBDoATABegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=Biotic%20Factors%20affecting%20Drainage%20Basin%20Characteristics%20and%20Flows&f=false

VIDEO

  • Chapter 14. Lesson 1. Drainage Basins: Definitions and Characteristics

https://study.com/academy/lesson/drainage-basins-definition-characteristics.html

  1. Factors Influencing Drainage Patterns, Drainage Density and their Measurements, including Stream Ordering

E-JOURNAL

  • A Study of Variables Characterizing Drainage Patterns in River Networks/ Ling Zhang and Eric Guilbert, in International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XXXIX-B2 (2012); pp. 29-34. Retrieved from:

https://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XXXIX-B2/29/2012/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B2-29-2012.pdf

  • New Insights into Factors Controlling Drainage Density in Subarctic Landscapes/  Miska Luoto, in, Journal of Artic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, Volume 39 Issue 1 (2007); pp. 117-126. Retrieved from:

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1657/1523-0430%282007%2939%5B117%3ANIIFCD%5D2.0.CO%3B2

  • Morphometry Governs the Dynamics of a Drainage Basin: Analysis and Implications/ Atrayee Biswas and others, in, Hindawi Geography Journal Online, Volume 2014; 14 pages.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/geography/2014/927176/

  • Implications of Drainage Basin Parameters of a Tropical River Basin in South India/ K.J. Babu and others, in, Applied Water Science, Volume 6 (2016); pp. 67-75. Retrieved from:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13201-014-0212-8

  • Different Approaches to Estimation of Drainage Density and Their Effect on the Erosion Potential Method/ Nevena Dragicevic and others, in, Water 2019, Volume 11 Issue 3 (2019); 14 pages. Retrieved from:

https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/11/3/593/htm

  • Drainage Morphology and its influence on Hydrology in an Semi-Arid Region using SRTM Data and GIS/ P.D. Sreedevi and others, in Environmental Earth Science, Volume 70 (2013); pp. 839-848. Retrieved from:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257794346_Drainage_morphometry_and_its_influence_on_hydrology_in_an_semi_arid_region_Using_SRTM_data_and_GIS

PDF

  • Drainage Density and Streamflow / by Charles W. Carlston

https://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/0422c/report.pdf

  • Topographic Characteristics of Drainage Basins/ by Walter B. Langbein and others

http://higherlogicdownload.s3.amazonaws.com/AGU/31ea296c-2c70-4dad-92ef-c4681bc6a288/UploadedImages/LangbeinUSGS_Topographic.pdf

  • Application of Synthetic Unit Hydrograph Methods to construct Storm Hydrographs/ B.F. Sule and S.A. Alabi

https://tinyurl.com/ydcf7bas

  • A look at the Links between Drainage Density and Flood Statistics / B. Pallard , A. Castellarin  and A. Montanari

https://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/13/1019/2009/hess-13-1019-2009.pdf

POWERPOINT

  • Drainage Pattern and Morphometric Analyses of Drainage Basins [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/UjjavalPatel16/drainage-pattern-morphometric-analyses-of-drainage-basins

  • Storm Hydrographs [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/Jwilliamss/storm-hydrographs

INTERACTIVE

  • Tulane University. EENS 111.Physical Geology: Streams and Drainage Systems

https://www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/eens1110/streams.htm

  • LearnXtra. Geography Grade 12. Session 5: River Systems

https://learn.mindset.africa/sites/default/files/resourcelib/emshare-show-note-asset/861_fdoc.pdf

VIDEO

  • The Storm Hydrograph Tutorial and Exam Technique

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kupNKbde2gA  

 

  1. FLUVIAL PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS

 

Concepts associated with Fluvial Landforms and Processes- Competence and Capacity, Erosion, Transportation, Deposition

WEBSITE

  • Fluvial Environment

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/fluvial-environment

  • Fluvial Environments

http://www.seddepseq.co.uk/DEPOSITIONAL_ENV/Fluvial/Fluvial.htm

  • Fluvial Environments

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312660788_Fluvial_Environments

  • The Fluvial Landforms and Cycle of erosion

https://tinyurl.com/y9hrpbep

  • River Systems and Fluvial Landforms

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/fluvial-landforms.htm

  • Fluvial Erosional Processes and Landforms

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315386897_Fluvial_Erosional_Processes_and_Landforms

  • Fluvial Depositional Processes and Landforms

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318351094_Fluvial_Depositional_Processes_and_Landforms

  • Fluvial Erosion

https://tinyurl.com/yd2bjqm3

  • (z.) Fluvial Landforms

http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10z.html

  • Fluvial Processes and Landforms

http://ion.uwinnipeg.ca/~wbuhay/July%2011.htm

  • Fluvial Landforms and Processes

http://uregina.ca/~sauchyn/geog323/fluvial.html

E-BOOK

  • HKDSE Geography. M2a: Fluvial Processes

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/HKDSE_Geography/M2a/Fluvial_Processes

E-JOURNAL

  • The Concept of Transport Capacity in Geomorphology / John Wainwright and others, in, Reviews of Geophysics, Volume 53 Issue 4 (2015); pp. 1155 – 1202. Retrieved from:

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2014RG000474

POWERPOINT

  • Lecture #5. Fluvial and Alluvial Fan System [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/MTaherHamdani/lecture-5-fluvial

  • Sedimentary Environment (Fluvial Chanel) [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/CyprianOzigbo/sedimentary-environment-fluvial-channel

  • Fluvial Processes [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/pramodgpramod/fluvial-process-74444778

  • Module 1. The Fluvial Environment [SLIDES]

https://www.slideserve.com/khoi/module-1-the-fluvial-environment

  • Fluvial Processes and Landforms [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/bala1957/fluvial-processes-and-landforms

  • River Channels: Processes and Landforms, Flood and Management [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/maliadamit/river-channel-processes-landforms-1026801

PDF

  • Fluvial Landforms and Processes

http://www.geo.hunter.cuny.edu/~fbuon/GEOL_231/Lectures/Fluvial%20Landforms.pdf

  • River Process: the Fluvial System and Hydrology

https://austintexas.gov/sites/default/files/files/Water/CER/river_process_hydrology_may_2015.pdf

  • Fluvial Processes and Landforms

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309630899_FLUVIAL_PROCESSES_AND_LANDFORMS

INTERACTIVE

  • Fluvial Processes and Landforms

https://www.e-education.psu.edu/earth530/content/l9_p3.html

  • Geography MYP/ GCSE/ DP. Fluvial Processes: Transportation and Deposition

https://www.jkgeography.com/fluvial-processes-transportation-and-depositon.html

 

  1. COASTAL PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS

 

WEBSITE

  • Coastal Landforms

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zxj6fg8/revision/1

  • Environment Guide. Introduction to the Coastal Environment

http://www.environmentguide.org.nz/issues/coastal/introduction-to-the-coastal-environment/

  • “UNEP: Wider Caribbean”.  

https://www.unenvironment.org/explore-topics/oceans-seas/what-we-do/working-regional-seas/regional-seas-programmes/wider

  • Coastal Environment

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/coastal-environment

  • National Geographic Society-Coast

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/coast/

  • Threats to the Coastal Zone

http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Threats_to_the_coastal_zone

  • Coastal Processes- Changes in Sea Level

https://www.nps.gov/articles/coastal-processes-changes-in-sea-level.htm

  • Effect of Climate Change on Coastline Evolution

http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/Effect_of_climate_change_on_coastline_evolution

 

VIDEO

  • Coastal Processes & Landforms

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RaAsFh0Vdrc

  • “Mangroves in Trinidad and Tobago”.

https://www.facebook.com/105210867787977/videos/164596728468713

  • Landforms Coasts

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWEJq03NBao

PDF

  • Chapter 2: Coastal Environments

 

UNEP. Environmental Problems affecting the Coastal and Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Regio

https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/28751/CEP_TR_19-en.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

 

  • UNEP. The Strategy for the Development of the Caribbean Environment Programme

https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27320/CEP_TR_05-en.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

  • UNEP. Regional Overview of Environmental Problems and Priorities Affecting the Coastal and Marine Resources of the Wider Caribbean Region

https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27307/CEP_TR_02-en.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

  • Chapter 2. Policy Responses

http://cidbimena.desastres.hn/pdf/eng/doc14402/doc14402-c.pdf

  • The coastal environment of Jamaica: problems, protection, management

https://commons.wmu.se/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1895&context=all_dissertations

  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Policy Framework (Draft)

http://www.iczm.gov.tt/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Draft-Integrated-Coastal-Zone-Management-Policy-Framework-Amended-April-2019.pdf

POWERPOINT

  • Coastal Environment. Topic 2 A-Level Physical Geography [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/armsisb/coastal-environment-110047474

  • Coastal Environments [SLIDES]

https://slideplayer.com/slide/6868477/

 

  1. PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS IN LIMESTONE ENVIRONMENTS

INTERACTIVE

  • Limestone Landscapes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/471-limestone-landscapes

  • Limestone Origins

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/466-limestone-origins

VIDEO

  • Natural Wonders of the Caribbean (2005) - Karst Landscapes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6G1BstzJ0lk

  • Limestone Landscapes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMP3Hs0wowE

WEBSITE

  • Limestone

https://geology.com/rocks/limestone.shtml#:~:text=Limestone%2DForming%20Environment%3A%20Marine,needed%20ingredients%20from%20ocean%20water.

  • Rock Cycle: Limestones

https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/ks3/gsl/education/resources/rockcycle/page3524.html

  • How is Limestone formed?

https://tinyurl.com/yb5lmke3

  • Origins of Limestones

https://www.britannica.com/science/sedimentary-rock/Origin-of-limestones

  • Environmental Hazards of Limestone Mining

https://education.seattlepi.com/environmental-hazards-limestone-mining-5608.html

  • Environmental Hazards of Limestone Mining

https://sciencing.com/environmental-hazards-of-limestone-mining-13663264.html

  • Limestone

https://flexiblelearning.auckland.ac.nz/rocks_minerals/rocks/limestone.html

  • What is Limestone?

http://geologylearn.blogspot.com/2015/03/limestone.html

  • Limestone Chemical Components

https://sciencing.com/limestone-chemical-components-8044801.html

PDF

  • Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Limestone Quarrying Operations in Thailand

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321637649_Assessment_of_Environmental_Impacts_of_Limestone_Quarrying_Operations_in_Thailand

  • Chapter 5.Limestones

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/earth-atmospheric-and-planetary-sciences/12-110-sedimentary-geology-spring-2007/lecture-notes/ch5.pdf

POWERPOINT

  • Formation of Limestone [SLIDES]

https://www.slideshare.net/mahuapaul56/2-formation-of-limestone         

          

 

DISCLAIMER:

NALIS does NOT reserve the rights to these e-resources. Therefore no part of these publications may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission from the creators of the work. It is to be used strictly for educational and NOT for commercial purposes.

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