NALIS BLOG


ELSD RECOMMENDED RESOURCES FOR CSEC CHEMISTRY

ELSD RECOMMENDED RESOURCES FOR CSEC CHEMISTRY

These recommended free e-resources are specifically aligned with the Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate (CSEC) curriculum framework as suggested in the CSEC Chemistry Syllabus. Resources are provided under each of the following topical areas of study as recommended by CXC:

 

Principles of Chemistry

  • Introductory Chemistry
  • States of Matter
  • Diffusion and Osmosis
  • Mixtures and Separations
  • The Periodic Table & Periodicity
  • Atomic Structure
  • Structure and Bonding
  • The Mole Concept
  • Acids, Bases and Salts

 

Organic Chemistry

  • Sources of Hydro-Carbon Compounds
  • Organic Chemistry an Introduction

 

In-Organic Chemistry

 

SECTION 1. PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY

NOTE: The fundamental concepts and principles of chemistry are introduced with a view to building an appreciation for its significance as it relates to everyday life. Topics examined include the nature of matter, structure, bonding, osmosis, chemical properties and physical properties of elements, compounds and mixtures and some quantitative properties of importance.

 

INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY

INTERACTIVE

  • Preparing to Study Chemistry

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry

WEBSITE

  • CSEC Chemistry Syllabus

https://schools.edu.ky/CHHS/PublishingImages/Pages/Student%20Study%20Guide/CSEC%20Chemistry%20Syllabus.pdf

  • Science News

https://www.sciencenews.org/

PDF

  • Introduction to Chemistry

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/introchem/

  • An Introduction to Chemistry

https://www.thoughtco.com/chemistry-basics-4133593

  • CSEC Chemistry Notes 1

https://www.scribd.com/document/347529836/Csec-Chemistry-Notes-1

E-BOOKS

  • Basic Concepts in Chemistry

https://shodor.org/UNChem/basic/index.html

  • Chemistry Now (Series of videos on varying topics in Chemistry)

https://www.nsf.gov/news/mmg/?series_name=Chemistry%20Now

  • Chemistry Practicals (A series of practical experiments on varying topics in Chemistry)

https://www.preproom.org/practicals/chemistry.aspx

  • Fundamentals of Chemistry

https://chem.libretexts.org/Courses/Palomar_College/PC%3A_CHEM100_-_Fundamentals_of_Chemistry

 

TOPIC 1. STATES OF MATTER

VIDEO

  • States of Matter

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/states-of-matter-and-intermolecular-forces/states-of-matter/v/states-of-matter

  • What is matter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRvsPh4pU90

  • States of Matter: Solid Liquid Gas

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MrTxRn9MNWM

  • Changes of States of Matter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwzkYTfHFbo

 

WEBSITES

  • States of Matter (Definition)

https://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/states.html

  • States of Matter – 3 states explained visually

http://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/states-of-matter/latest/states-of-matter_en.html

  • Theories of Matter

https://www.school-for-champions.com/science/matter_theories.htm#.Xq7azJ5KjIU

PDF

  • Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-chemistry/chapter/kinetic-molecular-theory-of-matter/

INTERACTIVE

  • The Chemical Reaction: All the Bits & Bolts of Chemistry

https://brilliant.org/courses/chemical-reaction/?from_topic=chemistry

 

TOPIC 2. DIFFUSION AND OSMOSIS

VIDEO

  • Diffusion & Osmosis

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-energy-and-transport/hs-passive-and-active-transport/v/diffusion-video

INTERACTIVE

  • Diffusion & Osmosis

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/membranes-and-transport/diffusion-and-osmosis/v/diffusion-and-osmosis

  • What is diffusion in Chemistry?

https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-diffusion-604430

  • Osmosis in Chemistry

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-energy-and-transport/hs-osmosis-and-tonicity/v/osmosis

WEBSITE

  • Examples of Diffusion

https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-diffusion.html

E-BOOK

  • Osmosis Examples of

https://www.britannica.com/science/osmosis

 

TOPIC 3. MIXTURES AND SEPARATIONS

WEBSITE

  • Definition of Mixtures in Chemistry

https://study.com/academy/lesson/mixture-in-chemistry-definition-examples-quiz.html

  • Pure Substances: Concepts and Properties

https://study.com/academy/lesson/pure-substance-in-chemistry-definition-properties-examples.html

  • How Sugar is Made: Extraction of Sucrose from Sugar Cane

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Sugar.html

 

VIDEO

  • Separating Mixtures (Why and How)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teGIg4VJSSQ

  • Separation of Mixtures Explained (Processes explained)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JanmdsuyUc4

  • Separation of mixtures (Processes used)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DAxYArKOOA

  • Separation  of mixtures using different techniques

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bkYqqJa5P8w

  • Pure Substances vs Mixtures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBWf1T4V7xE

  • Effects of Temperature on Solubility of Solid

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jz1HuLmOSiI

  • Effects of Temperature on Solubility of Gases

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wK4reyh86w0

  • Solubility

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTOmQ9jEfAk

 

PDF

  • Solutions, Suspensions and Colloids

https://www.cwcboe.org/cms/lib/NJ01001185/Centricity/Domain/203/Solutions%20Suspensions%20and%20Colloids.pdf

  • Solutions, Colloids and Suspension Activity Sheet

http://mrsterrylhs.weebly.com/uploads/6/3/1/1/63116991/solutions_colloids_and_suspension_vocabulary_worksheet.pdf

  • Activity 3. Solutions Suspensions and Colloids

http://mrsterrylhs.weebly.com/uploads/6/3/1/1/63116991/solutions_colloids_and_suspension_vocabulary_worksheet.pdf

E-BOOK

  • Types of Solutions: Some Terminology

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/General_Chemistry/Map%3A_General_Chemistry_(Petrucci_et_al.)/13%3A_Solutions_and_their_Physical_Properties/13.01%3A_Types_of_Solutions%3A_Some_Terminology

 

TOPIC 4. THE PERIODIC TABLE & PERIODICITY

VIDEO

  • CSEC Chemistry: The Periodic Table

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kFKIDexEsps

  • Introduction to the Periodic Table

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zg6KeXsDVwY

  • Modern Periodic Table

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bKKJkxqIg94

  • Memorize Periodic Table Easily in English

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NP46krFcHsU&t=129s

  • Trend in Reactivity down: Group 7

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwBuikawoRE

  • The Group 7 Halogens

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pykCzgrbQ70

  • Properties of Group 7: the halogens

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltZcKvxvu0A

  • Trend in Reactivity down: Group 7

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwBuikawoRE

  • The Group 7 Halogens

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pykCzgrbQ70

  • Properties of Group 7: the halogens

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltZcKvxvu0A

 

E-MAGAZINE

  • Science Magazine: Chemistry: First Principles Calculations (Article)

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2006/03/chemistry-first-principles-calculations

  • Development of the Periodic Table (Article)

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1804-development-of-the-periodic-table

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Historical development of the Periodical Table

https://www.toppr.com/guides/chemistry/classification-of-elements-and-periodicity-in-properties/historical-development-of-the-periodic-table/

  • The Periodic Table of Elements: Atomic Theory & Structure

https://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/The-Periodic-Table-of-Elements/52

  • The Halogens: Trends in physical properties

http://www.gojimo.com/trends-physical-properties/

  • From Elements location in the Periodic Table you can predict….

https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/from-elements-location-periodic-table-you-can-473333

  • How can the periodic table be used to predict chemical and physical properties??

https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/how-can-periodic-table-used-predict-chemical-135369

  • How can the periodic table be used to predict the properties of the elements?

https://socratic.org/questions/how-can-the-periodic-table-be-used-to-predict-the-properties-of-the-elements

 

PDF

  • Periodicity (Slide)

http://www.mattliden.fi/media/kunena/attachments/2764/Topic3Periodicity.pdf

  • Periodic Table (Activity Sheet)

https://mrsklattscience.weebly.com/uploads/8/7/7/1/8771535/period_table_worksheet.pdf

  • The Periodic Table and Periodicity (Slide)

https://www.harlem122.org/cms/lib/IL02218676/Centricity/Domain/450/Chem1_Honor_Part1/Periodicity_Notes.pdf

  • What is Periodicity on the Periodic Table (Article)

https://www.thoughtco.com/periodicity-on-the-periodic-table-608795

  • Arrangements of elements on the Periodic Table

https://www.siyavula.com/read/science/grade-7/the-periodic-table-of-elements/09-the-periodic-table-of-elements

 

E-BOOK

  • Physical Properties of Period 3 Elements

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Inorganic_Chemistry/Modules_and_Websites_(Inorganic_Chemistry)/Descriptive_Chemistry/Elements_Organized_by_Period/Period_3_Elements/Physical_Properties_of_Period_3_Elements

 

WEBSITE

  • Trends in Group II

https://www.ausetute.com.au/trendgp2.html

  • Atomic and Physical Properties of Group 2 Elements

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/group2/properties.html

  • Trends across Period 3- Tutorial

https://www.ausetute.com.au/trendpd3.html

  • Atomic and Physical Properties of Period 3 elements

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/period3/elementsphys.html

 

TOPIC 5. ATOMIC STRUCTURE

VIDEO

  • Atoms and the periodic table

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGxqXLFPOsM

  • Atomic structure, protons electrons  & neutrons

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMDrb2LqL7E

  • How to find the number of protons, neutrons & electrons from the periodic table

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JjozjUCsSaU

  • Atomic Number and Mass Number

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_S7ov25y3_M

  • Relative Atomic Mass

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PrNVj8i_oDA

  • Define Relative Atomic Mass

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOruasEOchE

  • Define Relative Molecular Mass

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V4Pva9KWVsA

 

INTERACTIVE

Cliff Notes:-Chemical basis of Microbiology

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2006/03/chemistry-first-principles-calculations

  • Isotope definition and examples in Chemistry

https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-isotopes-and-examples-604541

  • Definitions of Isotopes

https://www.chemicool.com/definition/isotopes.html

  • Uses of Radioactive Isotopes

https://opentextbc.ca/introductorychemistry/chapter/uses-of-radioactive-isotopes-2/

PDF

  • Major Uses of Radioisotopes

https://idph.iowa.gov/Portals/1/userfiles/124/MajorUsesofRadioisotopes_IDPH_Rad_Health.pdf

 

TOPIC 6. STRUCTURE AND BONDING

E-BOOK

  • Structure & bonding

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Organic_Chemistry/Map%3A_Organic_Chemistry_(McMurry)/01%3A_Structure_and_Bonding

  • Ionic and Covalent Bonds

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Organic_Chemistry/Supplemental_Modules_(Organic_Chemistry)/Fundamentals/Ionic_and_Covalent_Bonds

  • Graphite and Diamonds: Structure and Properties

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Inorganic_Chemistry/Map%3A_Inorganic_Chemistry_(Housecroft)/14%3A_The_Group_14_Elements/14.04%3A_Allotropes_of_Carbon/14.4A%3A_Graphite_and_Diamond_-_Structure_and_Properties

  • Graphite and diamond: structure and properties

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Inorganic_Chemistry/Map%3A_Inorganic_Chemistry_(Housecroft)/14%3A_The_Group_14_Elements/14.04%3A_Allotropes_of_Carbon/14.4A%3A_Graphite_and_Diamond_-_Structure_and_Properties

 

PDF

  • Organic Chemistry: Structure & bonding

https://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/courses/cem251/SS20KDW/McMurry%20PowerPoints/chapter1.pdf

  • Allotropes of Carbon

https://byjus.com/jee/allotropes-of-carbon/

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Organic Chemistry: Structure & bonding

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry/gen-chem-review

  • Ionic vs Covalent bonds: understand the difference

https://www.thoughtco.com/ionic-and-covalent-chemical-bond-differences-606097

  • Ionic Bonds

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/v/ionic-bonds

  • Covalent Bonds

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/v/covalent-bonds

  • Chemical bonds

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/a/chemical-bonds-article

  • Metallic bonds

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/types-chemical-bonds/v/metallic-bonds

  • What is the difference between an ionic solid and a molecular solid?

https://www.quora.com/Whats-the-difference-between-an-ionic-solid-and-a-molecular-solid

  • Bitesize: Structures and properties- Revisions 1-5

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zjfkw6f/revision/3

 

WEBSITE

  • Molecules, Ions and chemical Formulas

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_general-chemistry-principles-patterns-and-applications-v1.0/s06-molecules-ions-and-chemical-fo.html

  • Atoms. Molecules and Ions: Chemical Formulas

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-chemistry/chapter/chemical-formulas/

  • Melting point solubility: Physical properties and bonding

https://ibchem.com/IB/ibnotes/04.5.htm

  • Molecular structures

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/structures/molecular.html

  • Understanding Chemistry: Structures menu

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/structsmenu.html

  • Chemistry: Allotropy

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/structsmenu.html

 

VIDEO

  • Metallic and ionic crystals

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/types-chemical-bonds/v/covalent-networks-metallic-and-ionic-crystals

  • Types of crystals

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9yjQ29aPq0

  • Structure of sodium chloride

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i4tnct_IzqU

  • How to draw the structure of diamond

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u8ifO24AB4Y

  • The difference between diamond and graphite giant covalent structure

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FeZIIR50XoY

  • Ionic vs Molecular

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKA4CZwbZWU

 

TOPIC 7. THE MOLE CONCEPT

VIDEO

  • What is a mole?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqZSxErQ7Ck

  • Concept of Mole: Avogadro’s number

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13i3xbuaCqI

  • Worked Example: Calculating Molar Mass and number of Moles (Video)

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/atomic-structure-and-properties/introduction-to-compounds/v/worked-example-calculating-molar-mass-and-number-of-moles

  • CSEC Chemistry: The Mole Concept 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29v5NrsvPBs

  • Mole Calculations 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_KMPemSVPc

  • Mole conversions made easy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b2raanVWU6c

  • Very common Mole Questions

https//www.youtube.com/watch?v=BO9M1hbs88s

  • Formula Mass and Mole Calculations

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z84wfrd/revision/3

  • Law of Conservation of Matter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvbX8PitSpg

  • Complete Ionic and Net Ionic Equations

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-reactions-stoichiome/types-of-chemical-reactions/v/complete-ionic-and-net-ionic-equations 

  • How to write Complete Ionic and Net Ionic Equations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJy5CNzd6sY

  • How to write and balance Net Ionic Equations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXRH_IrN11Y

 

WEBSITE

  • Method for Using Standard Solutions

https://study.com/academy/lesson/standard-solution-definition-method.html

  • Complete Ionic and Net Ionic Equations

http://www.occc.edu/kmbailey/Chem1115Tutorials/Net_Ionic_Eqns.htm

 

E-BOOK

  • Law of Conservation of Matter

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Book%3A_The_Basics_of_GOB_Chemistry_(Ball_et_al.)/05%3A_Introduction_to_Chemical_Reactions/5.1%3A_The_Law_of_Conservation_of_Matter

  • Molecular, Ionic and Complete Ionic Equations

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/introchem/chapter/molecular-ionic-and-complete-ionic-equations/

  • Standard Solution Definition

https://goldbook.iupac.org/terms/view/S05924

  • Molarity

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Map%3A_Introductory_Chemistry_(Tro)/13%3A_Solutions/13.05%3A_Solution_Concentration-_Molarity

  • Formula Mass and Mole Concept

https://opentextbc.ca/chemistry/chapter/3-1-formula-mass-and-the-mole-concept/

  • Mole and Molar Mass

https://chem.libretexts.org/Courses/University_of_Kentucky/UK%3A_CHE_103_-_Chemistry_for_Allied_Health_(Soult)/Chapters/Chapter_2%3A_Elements_and_Ions/2.3%3A_Mole_and_Molar_Mass

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Complete Ionic and Net-Ionic Equations

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-reactions-stoichiome/types-of-chemical-reactions/a/complete-ionic-and-net-ionic-equations

 

  • Standard Solution Definition

https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-standard-solution-604658

  • Molarity

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/states-of-matter-and-intermolecular-forces/mixtures-and-solutions/a/molarity

  • Boundless Chemistry: Molar Mass

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-chemistry/chapter/molar-mass/

  • Difference between mole and molar mass

https://socratic.org/questions/what-is-the-difference-between-mole-and-molar-mass

 

TOPIC 8. ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS

WEBSITE

  • Classification of Oxides

http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/acid1/abcon-3.html

  • Acids, bases, buffers and the pH scale

https://www.scienceprofonline.com/chemistry/what-is-ph-scale-acidity-alkalinity.html

  • Acids and Bases: Ionization constants

https://www.chem.wisc.edu/deptfiles/genchem/netorial/rottosen/tutorial/modules/acid_base/03ionization/ion1.htm

  • What is salt in Chemistry: Definition and Formula

https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-salt-in-chemistry-definition-formula.html

  • Reaction of acids with metal carbonates and bi-carbonates

https://study.com/academy/lesson/reactions-of-acids-metals-carbonates-hydroxides.html

  • Lactic Acid

https://www.livescience.com/lactic-acid.html

  • Chemical reaction of insoluble bases and soluble bases

http://www.docbrown.info/page03/AcidsBasesSalts05.htm

  • The solubility of hydroxides, Sulfates and Carbonates

https://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/group2/solubility.html

  • Preparation of Salts

http://www.chemistryrules.me.uk/middle/salts.htm

  • Salt

http://www.chemistryexplained.com/Ru-Sp/Salt.html

  • Salts: Normal Salts, Acid Salts

http://igcsetuition.blogspot.com/2012/09/salt-normal-salt-acid-salt.html

  • The reaction between an Acid and an Alkali

https://www.onlinemathlearning.com/acid-alkali.html

  • How to Calculate Moles in a Reaction

https://sciencing.com/calculate-moles-reaction-8155142.html

 

PDF

  • Definition Ionization

https://www.britannica.com/science/ionization

  • Formic Acid

https://www.britannica.com/science/formic-acid

  • Chemical Reactions

https://www.oup.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/58311/IS10-SB-CH3-Chemical-Reaction.pdf

 

E-BOOK

Reaction of acids with bases and metals

https://chem.libretexts.org/Courses/University_of_British_Columbia/CHEM_100%3A_Foundations_of_Chemistry/14%3A_Acids_and_Bases/14.05%3A_Reactions_of_Acids_and_Bases

  • Proton donors and acceptors

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Organic_Chemistry/Foundational_concepts_of_organic_chemistry/Acids_and_bases/Proton_donors_and_acceptors

  • Acids and bases

https://flexbooks.ck12.org/cbook/ck-12-biology-flexbook-2.0/section/1.20/primary/lesson/acids-and-bases-in-biology-bio

  • Reactions of Acids with Metals

https://www.siyavula.com/read/science/grade-9/reactions-of-acids-with-metals/13-reactions-of-acids-with-metals

  • The solubility of Hydroxides, Sulfates and Carbonates

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Inorganic_Chemistry/Modules_and_Websites_(Inorganic_Chemistry)/Descriptive_Chemistry/Elements_Organized_by_Block/1_s-Block_Elements/Group__2_Elements%3A_The_Alkaline_Earth_Metals/1Group_2%3A_Chemical_Reactions_of_Alkali_Earth_Metals/The_Solubility_of_the_Hydroxides%2C_Sulfates_and_Carbonates

  • Neutralization

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry_Textbook_Maps/Supplemental_Modules_(Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry)/Acids_and_Bases/Acid%2F%2FBase_Reactions/Neutralization

 

POWER POINT

  • Strength of Acids and Alkalis (SlideShare)

https://www.slideshare.net/sweemoi/strength-of-acid-and-alkali

 

VIDEO

  • Reaction of acids with bases and metals

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/in-in-class-10-chemistry-india/x87dd2847d57ee419:in-in-acids-bases-and-salts/x87dd2847d57ee419:in-in-reaction-of-acids-and-bases/v/reaction-of-acids-and-bases-with-metals-acids-bases-and-salts-chemistry-khan-academy

  • Metal carbonates react with acids to produce salt and carbon dioxide

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CreO-rVrxT0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ynCflOY-LI

  • Acids, bases and salts

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGOKug-dA0g

  • Preparing Insoluble salts

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrIV4CuV5pk

  • Making an insoluble salt by precipitation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1ODnGe9LnM

  • Preparation of Salts by direct combination of elements (Video)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNC9Tq_sOgw

  • How to Calculate Moles in a Reaction

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XoNeBNROBcI

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Reaction of acids with metal carbonates and bi-carbonates

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/in-in-class-10-chemistry-india/x87dd2847d57ee419:in-in-acids-bases-and-salts/x87dd2847d57ee419:in-in-reaction-of-acids-and-bases/v/reaction-of-acids-with-metal-carbonates-and-bicarbonates-chemistry-khan-academy

  • Ascorbic Acid

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ascorbic-acid

  • Vitamin C and Sodium Bicarbonate

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29442224

  • Making Salts

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zg34tyc/revision/2

  • Preparation of Salts by direct combination and double decomposition

https://www.toppr.com/content/story/amp/salt-preparation-direct-combination-and-double-decomposition-85340/

  • List of Important salts and their uses

https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/list-of-the-important-salts-and-their-uses-1476361048-1

  • Safety with Salt

https://www.msdsonline.com/2015/04/10/safety-with-salt-sodium-chloride-safety-information/

  • The dangers of Salt

https://www.pritikin.com/dangers-of-salt-blood-pressure-problem

  • More about Salts

https://www.toppr.com/guides/chemistry/acids-bases-and-salts/more-about-salts/

  • Acids and Alkalis

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z8jt4qt/revision/4

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zqd8b82/revision/9

  • Strong and weak acids and bases

https://www.stem.org.uk/resources/community/collection/16137/strong-and-weak-acids-and-bases

  • Calorimetry

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/znp4jxs/revision/3

  • Stoichiometry

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-reactions-stoichiome/stoichiometry-ideal/v/stoichiometry

  • Reactions of acids with metals

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zqwmxnb/revision/2

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zcjjfcw/revision/3

  • Acid definition and examples

https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-acid-and-examples-604358

  • Definition Acid Anhydride

https://www.thoughtco.com/acid-anhydride-definition-606344

  • Acids and Bases

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zyn3b9q/revision/2

  • Definition Amphoteric Oxide in Chemistry

https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-amphoteric-oxide-604777

  • Neutral Oxide

https://glossary.periodni.com/glossary.php?en=neutral+oxide

  • What is replaceable hydrogen?

https://www.quora.com/What-is-replaceable-hydrogen

  • Acids, bases, pH, and buffers

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/water-acids-and-bases/acids-bases-and-ph/a/acids-bases-ph-and-bufffers

  • Classification of Oxides

https://byjus.com/chemistry/classification-of-oxides/

 

SECTION 2. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

NOTE: The student is introduced to the world of basic Organic Chemistry. Greater focus however is placed on the sources and nature of Carbon Compounds. It’s classification into functional groups, their structures, physical and chemical properties and uses are also examined.

 

TOPIC 1. SOURCES OF HYDRO-CARBON

INTERACTIVE

  • Chemical Properties of Carbon: Combustion and Oxidation

https://byjus.com/chemistry/chemical-properties-of-carbon-compounds/

  • Carbon and its Compounds: Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds

https://www.excellup.com/classten/scienceten/carbonten4.aspx

WEBSITE

  • What is Hydro-Carbon: Definition, Formula and Compounds

https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-hydrocarbon-definition-formula-compounds.html

 

TOPIC 2. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AN INTRODUCTION

VIDEO

  • Organic Chemistry: an Introduction 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRz-jH4CAy8

  • Organic Chemistry: an Introduction 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0R2phZMxYSI

  • 3 Steps for Naming Alkanes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzDli_Llo9A

  • Chemistry: Organic Chemistry Basics: Part 1 (Introduction) CBSE Class 11 XI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qVhvAncvbzo

  • Khan Academy: Organic Chemistry

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry

  • Balancing Chemical Equations: Chemistry Tutorial

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGf60kq_ZDI

 

E-MAGAZINE

  • Science Daily - Articles (Organic Chemistry)

https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/organic_chemistry.htm

  • Science Direct – Abstracts and Chapters (Organic Chemistry)

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/organic-chemistry

 

INTERACTIVE

  • Organic Chemistry Portal

https://www.organic-chemistry.org/

  • Organic Functional Groups Charts – Expanded Edition

https://www.compoundchem.com/category/organic-chemistry/

  • Ace your next Organic Chemistry Exam: Study Guides

https://www.masterorganicchemistry.com/

 

DISCLAIMER:

NALIS does NOT reserve the rights to these e-resources. Therefore no part of these publications may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission from the creators of the work. It is to be used strictly for educational and NOT for commercial purposes.

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